Social loafing: A meta-analytic review and theoretical integration.

@article{Karau1993SocialLA,
  title={Social loafing: A meta-analytic review and theoretical integration.},
  author={Steven J. Karau and K. Williams},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1993},
  volume={65},
  pages={681-706}
}
Social loafing is the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually. A meta-analysis of 78 studies demonstrates that social loafing is robust and generalizes across tasks and S populations. A large number of variables were found to moderate social loafing. Evaluation potential, expectations of co-worker performance, task meaningfulness, and culture had especially strong influence. These findings are interpreted in the light of a… Expand
1,797 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

SOCIAL LOAFING AND GROUP DEVELOPMENT: WHEN "I" COMES LAST
  • 2
  • Highly Influenced
  • PDF
The impact of motive disposition on group performance
  • Highly Influenced
  • PDF
Social Loafing in Technology-Supported Teams
  • 49
  • PDF
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 164 REFERENCES
Social Loafing and Social Facilitation
  • 250
  • Highly Influential
  • PDF
Social loafing and social compensation: the effects of expectations of co-worker performance.
  • 301
  • PDF
Social loafing and group evaluation.
  • 178
  • Highly Influential
  • PDF
The Role of Evaluation in Eliminating Social Loafing
  • 219
...
1
2
3
4
5
...