Social learning across species: horses (Equus caballus) learn from humans by observation

  title={Social learning across species: horses (Equus caballus) learn from humans by observation},
  author={Aurelia Schuetz and Kate Farmer and Konstanze Krueger},
  journal={Animal Cognition},
This study examines whether horses can learn by observing humans, given that they identify individual humans and orientate on the focus of human attention. We tested 24 horses aged between 3 and 12. Twelve horses were tested on whether they would learn to open a feeding apparatus by observing a familiar person. The other 12 were controls and received exactly the same experimental procedure, but without a demonstration of how to operate the apparatus. More horses from the group with… 

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