Social hierarchy affects gene expression for catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes in rat adrenal glands.

Abstract

Social stressors, like other stressors, are powerful activators of the sympathoadrenomedullary system. Differential housing (single vs. group) and social defeat of rats is known to alter the activity of catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes in the medulla. The present studies examined the effect of 70 days of triad (3 rats per large cage) and individual… (More)

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