Toward a second-person neuroscience 1
- PsychologyBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Evidence from neuroimaging, psychophysiological studies, and related fields are reviewed to argue for the development of a second-person neuroscience, which will help neuroscience to really “go social” and may also be relevant for the understanding of psychiatric disorders construed as disorders of social cognition.
Influence of Coactors on Saccadic and Manual Responses
- Psychology, Biologyi-Perception
The results showed that performance of stimulus-driven responses was independent of the social context, while volitionally controlled responses were delayed by the presence of coactors, which supports an attentional view of social influences.
Effects of the mere presence of conspecifics on the motor performance of rats: Higher speed and lower accuracy
- Psychology, BiologyBehavioural Processes
Attention and Learning through the Eyes of the Emotional Brain
- Psychology, Biology
It is argued in the introduction of the thesis that the locus coeruleus may be involved in mediating cognitive-emotional functions, including social facilitation-inhibition.
Neural substrates of social facilitation effects on incentive-based performance
- Psychology, BiologySocial cognitive and affective neuroscience
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to monitor brain activity while healthy human participants performed a skilled-task during conditions in which they were paid based on their performance and observed and not observed by an audience to illustrate how neural processing of social judgments gives rise to the enhanced motivational state that results in social facilitation of incentive-based performance.
Facilitating Sustained Attention: Is Mere Presence Sufficient?
Research on sustained attention regularly reports declines in task performance as a function of time on task, a phenomenon commonly called the vigilance decrement. Therefore, previous work from…
Analogy vs. Technical Learning in a Golf Putting Task: An Analysis of Performance Outcomes and Attentional Processes Under Pressure
Purpose. It is assumed that analogy learning helps prevent individuals from choking under pressure by limiting the conscious control of movements when performing in high-pressure situations. The aim…
Social Facilitation of Cognition in Rhesus Monkeys: Audience Vs. Coaction
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Behav. Neurosci.
A simple cognitive task consisting in touching images to obtain food treats, alone vs. in presence of a co-performer or a spectator found audience sufficed to enhance performance to the same magnitude as coaction.
Why I tense up when you watch me: Inferior parietal cortex mediates an audience’s influence on motor performance
- Psychology, BiologyScientific reports
The data suggest that social evaluation can vary force output through the altered engagement of inferior parietal cortex; a region implicated in sensorimotor integration necessary for object manipulation, and a component of the action-observation network which integrates and facilitates performance of observed actions.
Social modulation of cognition: Lessons from rhesus macaques relevant to education
- Psychology, BiologyNeuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES
Competition in Motor Performance: An Experimental Analysis of Motivational Components.
Distraction and social comparison as mediators of social facilitation effects
Social facilitation during the initial stage of motor learning: a re-examination of Martens' audience study.
- PsychologyJournal of motor behavior
This study partially replicated Martens' (1969a) social-facilitation study of motor behavior, which provided impressive confirmation for Zajonc's hypothesis, and his arousal findings have since been used as evidence for a nonlearned-drive basis for social facilitation.
Social facilitation: a meta-analysis of 241 studies.
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
A meta-analysis of the effects of the presence of others on human task performance and physiology concludes that the presenceOf others heightens an individual's physiological arousal only if the individual is performing a complex task and social facilitation effects are surprisingly unrelated to the performer's evaluation apprehension.
Effect of evaluative others upon learning and performance of a complex motor task.
- PsychologyJournal of motor behavior
The subjects learning the motor task were significantly inhibited by the evaluative audience, while the subjects who had already learned the task and were significantly facilitated in their motor responses.
Driven by distraction: An integrative review of social facilitation theory and research
Social facilitation effects: Mere enhancement of dominant responses?
Five experimental studies of social facilitation are reported. These were conducted as part of a project which set out to investigate cognitive aspects of social facilitation effects by examining the…