Social class, power, and selfishness: when and why upper and lower class individuals behave unethically.

@article{Dubois2015SocialCP,
  title={Social class, power, and selfishness: when and why upper and lower class individuals behave unethically.},
  author={David Dubois and Derek D Rucker and Adam D. Galinsky},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2015},
  volume={108 3},
  pages={
          436-49
        }
}
Are the rich more unethical than the poor? To answer this question, the current research introduces a key conceptual distinction between selfish and unethical behavior. Based on this distinction, the current article offers 2 novel findings that illuminate the relationship between social class and unethical behavior. First, the effects of social class on unethical behavior are not invariant; rather, the effects of social class are moderated by whether unethical behavior benefits the self or… Expand
Class impressions: Higher social class elicits lower prosociality
Social class predicts numerous important life outcomes and social orientations. To date, literature has mainly examined how an individual's own class shapes interactions with others. But howExpand
Social class and prosocial behavior: current evidence, caveats, and questions.
TLDR
It is proposed that the effects of social class on prosocial behavior may also depend on three crucial factors: motivation, identity, and inequality, and how and why these factors may moderate class differences in prosociality is discussed. Expand
A Large Scale Test of the Effect of Social Class on Prosocial Behavior
TLDR
Although the effects of social class varied somewhat across the kinds of prosocial behavior, countries, and measures ofsocial class, under no condition did the authors find the negative effect that would have been expected on the basis of previous results reported in the psychological literature. Expand
Social class, social self-esteem, and conspicuous consumption
TLDR
The results suggest that among individuals who perceive themselves to be in a high social class, a low level of social self-esteem is conducive to conspicuous consumption. Expand
Agency and Communion From the Perspective of Self Versus Others: The Moderating Role of Social Class
TLDR
This study attempted to address the gap in understanding of how basic perspectives and social class jointly affect the primacy of communion and agency in social cognition by asking participants from different social class conditions to rate the importance of communal and agentic traits both with respect to the self and to another person. Expand
Oneself is more important: Exploring the role of narcissism and fear of negative evaluation in the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty
TLDR
Results provide evidence for the self-focused hypothesis by showing that subjective social class positively predicts the tendency to be dishonest, and narcissism plays a mediating role in this relationship. Expand
The psychology of social class: How socioeconomic status impacts thought, feelings, and behaviour
  • A. Manstead
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • The British journal of social psychology
  • 2018
TLDR
Social class differences in identity, cognition, feelings, and behaviour make it less likely that working‐class individuals can benefit from educational and occupational opportunities to improve their material circumstances, and redistributive policies are needed to break the cycle of deprivation that limits opportunities and threatens social cohesion. Expand
The social advantage of miscalibrated individuals: The relationship between social class and overconfidence and its implications for class-based inequality.
TLDR
It is proposed that social class shapes the beliefs that people hold about their abilities, and that this, in turn, has important implications for how status hierarchies perpetuate. Expand
Relation between subjective social class and self-efficacy: Effect of social comparison
Socioeconomic class is a relevant variable with regard to the process of social hierarchization; specifically, subjective social class (SSC) has been found to correlate positively with theExpand
The Effect of Social Class on Agency and Communion: Reconciling Identity-Based and Rank-Based Perspectives
How does social class affect people’s goals in social interactions? A rank-based perspective suggests actors from higher social classes (compared to lower social classes) have more agentic and lessExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 91 REFERENCES
Higher social class predicts increased unethical behavior
TLDR
Mediator and moderator data demonstrated that upper-class individuals’ unethical tendencies are accounted for, in part, by their more favorable attitudes toward greed. Expand
Social class, solipsism, and contextualism: how the rich are different from the poor.
TLDR
This framework describes how class-based contextualist and solipsistic tendencies shape the self, perceptions of the social environment, and relationships to other individuals and details 9 hypotheses and relevant empirical evidence concerning how class influences behavior. Expand
Having less, giving more: the influence of social class on prosocial behavior.
TLDR
Mediator and moderator data showed that lower class individuals acted in a more prosocial fashion because of a greater commitment to egalitarian values and feelings of compassion, and implications for social class, prosocial behavior, and economic inequality are discussed. Expand
The personal sense of power.
TLDR
In studies involving a total of 1,141 participants and nine different samples, it is found that the personal sense of power was coherent within social contexts and was affected not only by sociostructural factors but also by personality variables such as dominance. Expand
Contagion and Differentiation in Unethical Behavior
TLDR
The results suggest that individuals' unethicality does not depend on the simple calculations of cost-benefit analysis, but rather depends on the social norms implied by the dishonesty of others and also on the saliency of dishonesty. Expand
The dynamic moral self: A social psychological perspective.
When psychologists explore the role of the self in moral motivation and behavior, they typically take a personological approach. Some seek to describe a general personality structure shared by widelyExpand
The Local-Ladder Effect
TLDR
It is proposed that sociometric status—the respect and admiration one has in face-to-face groups (e.g., among friends or coworkers)—has a stronger effect on SWB than does socioeconomic status. Expand
Power Increases Hypocrisy
TLDR
It is found that the effect of power on moral hypocrisy depends on the legitimacy of the power: When power was illegitimate, the moral-hypocrisy effect was reversed, with the illegitimately powerful becoming stricter in judging their own behavior than in judging other people’s behavior. Expand
Serving the Self From the Seat of Power
Why do some leaders use their position to amass personal prestige and resources, and others to benefit the team, the organization, or society? This article synthesizes new, cross-disciplinaryExpand
Differentiating the effects of status and power: a justice perspective.
TLDR
5 studies tested the prediction that status and power would have opposing effects on justice enacted toward others and showed consistent evidence that status is positively associated withJustice toward others, while power is negatively associated with justice toward others. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...