Evolution of Moral Sense and Moral Judgement
- Biology, Psychology
This chapter describes gradual introduction of evolutionary science into ethical studies; starting with the nineteenth century Charles Darwin’s notion that cooperativeness and altruism present an…
Parsing the neural correlates of moral cognition: ALE meta-analysis on morality, theory of mind, and empathy
- Psychology, BiologyBrain Structure and Function
Investigating neural activity associated with different facets of moral thought provides evidence that the neural network underlying moral decisions is probably domain-global and might be dissociable into cognitive and affective sub-systems.
Moral Motivation and the Basal Forebrain
- Psychology, BiologyNeuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
The Neurobiology of Moral Behavior: Review and Neuropsychiatric Implications
- Psychology, BiologyCNS Spectrums
The neurobiological evidence indicates the existence of automatic “prosocial” mechanisms for identification with others that are part of the moral brain, which has major clinical implications for the management of patients with dysmoral behavior from brain disorders and for forensic neuropsychiatry.
Functional and clinical neuroanatomy of morality.
- Psychology, BiologyBrain : a journal of neurology
Research findings are reviewed that have provided a key insight into the functional and clinical neuroanatomy of the brain areas involved in normal and abnormal moral behaviour and why knowing more about the 'moral brain' might help to develop novel therapeutic strategies for neurologically based abnormalmoral behaviour.
The rise of moral emotions in neuropsychiatry
- PsychologyDialogues in clinical neuroscience
A provisional taxonomy of a limited set of moral emotions and their neural underpinnings is described and conjecture how specific moral emotions can be implicated in some categories of DSM-5 diagnoses, potentially helping to bridge psychopathology and neurobiologically plausible variables.
The neurobiology of moral sense: facts or hypotheses?
- Psychology, BiologyAnnals of General Psychiatry
A comprehensive review of the data regarding the neurobiological origin of the moral sense, through a Medline search of English-language articles from 1980 to February 2012, suggests that there might be a main integrative centre for the innate morality, in particular the ventromedial prefrontal cortex.
How does morality work in the brain? A functional and structural perspective of moral behavior
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Integr. Neurosci.
The main brain areas that have been associated with morality at both structural and functional levels are reviewed and how it can be studied is speculated about.
Invoking the brain in studying morality: A theoretical and historical perspective on the neuroscience of morality
- Psychology, Philosophy
It is argued that what the neuroscience of morality studies is a contingent notion, which means that the meaning of both the brain and morality is in constant flux and dependent upon theorizing and research practice.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 164 REFERENCES
The self as a moral agent: Linking the neural bases of social agency and moral sensitivity
- Psychology, BiologySocial neuroscience
Findings indicate that agency related to norm-abiding social behaviors of emotionally neutral scripts share neural substrates both with the “default mode” of brain function and with the moral sensitivity network.
Morals and the human brain: a working model.
- Psychology, BiologyNeuroreport
A model of brain-behavior relationships underlying moral reasoning and emotion that accommodates the impairments of moral behavior observed in neuropsychiatric disorders is put forth.
“Extended Attachment” and the Human Brain: Internalized Cultural Values and Evolutionary Implications
- Psychology, Biology
It is proposed that ancient mechanisms supporting basic forms of attachment in other species, such as pair-bonding, evolved to enable the unique human ability to attach to cultural objects and abstract ideas, and this ability relies on a specific neural architecture.
Roots of social sensibility and neural function
We are social animals, with evolved mechanisms to discern the beliefs and desires of others. This social reason is linked to the concept of intentionality, the ability to attribute beliefs and…
The Neural Bases of Cognitive Conflict and Control in Moral Judgment
- Psychology, BiologyNeuron
The moral brain : essays on the evolutionary and neuroscientific aspects of morality
- Psychology, Biology
This chapter discusses evolutionary explanations of pro-social behaviour and a functional approach to the question of emotion and cognition in moral judgment integrating psychology, neuroscience and evolutionary biology.
An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment
It is argued that moral dilemmas vary systematically in the extent to which they engage emotional processing and that these variations in emotional engagement influence moral judgment.
Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
It is shown that six patients with focal bilateral damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPC), a brain region necessary for the normal generation of emotions, produce an abnormally ‘utilitarian’ pattern of judgements on moral dilemmas that pit compelling considerations of aggregate welfare against highly emotionally aversive behaviours.
The neural basis of human moral cognition
- Psychology, BiologyNature Reviews Neuroscience
A cognitive neuroscience view of how cultural and context-dependent knowledge, semantic social knowledge and motivational states can be integrated to explain complex aspects of human moral cognition is proposed.
Human fronto–mesolimbic networks guide decisions about charitable donation
- PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used while participants anonymously donated to or opposed real charitable organizations related to major societal causes to show that the mesolimbic reward system is engaged by donations in the same way as when monetary rewards are obtained.