Social anxiety and self-presentation: a conceptualization and model.

  title={Social anxiety and self-presentation: a conceptualization and model.},
  author={Barry R. Schlenker and Mark R. Leary},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={92 3},
This article presents a self-presentation approach to the study of social anxiety that proposes that social anxiety arises when people are motivated to make a preferred impression on real or imagined audiences but doubt they will do so, and thus perceive or imagine unsatisfactory evaluative reactions from subjectively important audiences. We presume that specific situational and dispositional antecedents of social anxiety operate by influencing people's motivation to impress others and their… 
Cognitive Components of Social Anxiety: An Investigation of the Integration of Self-Presentation Theory and Self-Efficacy Theory
This study tested the utility of the integration of self-efficacy theory and self-presentation theory of social anxiety. The study examined: (1) the relationship between general social anxiousness
Social Anxiety and Communication about the Self
The reciprocal relationship between social anxiety and the communication of information about the self is examined. Social anxiety appears to arise from people's concerns about the impressions others
A Self-Presentational View of Coping with Stress
Among the many stress situations people encounter, those involving social stress seem to be the most frequent. Social stress situations refer to the evaluation of personal adequacy (e.g., being
The Effect of Negative External Cues on Self-Focus and Negative Recollections of an Interaction
Social anxiety is characterized by a fear of negative evaluation and avoidance of social situations. Clark and Wells (1995) suggest that socially anxious individuals tend to self-monitor, but Rapee
From Adaptive Emotion to Dysfunction: An Attachment Perspective on Social Anxiety Disorder
  • Frances M. Vertue
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2003
Existing theories of social anxiety are integrated within the framework of attachment theory by means of the causal mechanism of internal working models of self and others, and it is suggested that deficits in the ability to affect others' emotional states contribute to social anxiety.


Social Anxiety and Self-Evaluation of Interpersonal Performance
The discussion emphasized the potential role of self-evaluation as a mediator of social anxiety, independent of actual level of social skill, and the results supported the overly negative self- evaluation of the high-anxious group, while the self- evaluations of the low-an anxious group were more positive and more consistent with the judges' evaluations.
Social anxiety, self-presentation, and the self-serving bias in causal attribution.
Two experiments were conducted to provide evidence concerning the contribution of self-presentation concerns to the self-serving bias in causal attribution and its occasional, but systematic, reversal and it was found that both high- and low-social-anxiety participants portrayed the causes of their behavior in a more modest fashion when they responded via the "bogus pipeline".
Self-Consciousness, Self-Attention, and Social Interaction
Two experiments were conducted to test the effects of self-focused attention on positive and negative social interactions. In the first study, the behavior of dispositionally high and low publicly
Public and private self-consciousness: Assessment and theory.
A scale was constructed to assess individual differences in self-consciou sness. Norms and test-retest reliability are presented. Factor analysis of the scale revealed that self-consciousness has
Social anxiousness: the construct and its measurement.
  • M. Leary
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1983
Two new scales are presented that measure interaction and audience anxiousness independent of specific social behaviors, and psychometric data show them to possess high internal consistency and test-retest reliability.
Self- and interpersonal evaluations: esteem theories versus consistency theories.
  • S. Jones
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1973
It is observed that cognitive consistency theories may be somewhat overworked as explanatory frameworks for the study of social evaluations and that people typically talk more during social evaluations.
Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.
An integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment is presented and findings are reported from microanalyses of enactive, vicarious, and emotive mode of treatment that support the hypothesized relationship between perceived self-efficacy and behavioral changes.
Social anxiety and selective memory for affective information about the self
High and low socially anxious women were given identical feedback about their personality traits after a brief social interaction with a male confederate. The male confederate was trained to respond