Social Support and Strain from Partner, Family, and Friends: Costs and Benefits for Men and Women in Adulthood

  title={Social Support and Strain from Partner, Family, and Friends: Costs and Benefits for Men and Women in Adulthood},
  author={Heather R. Walen and Margie E. Lachman},
  journal={Journal of Social and Personal Relationships},
  pages={30 - 5}
The goals of this study were to (i) examine the association of social support and strain with psychological well-being and health, (ii) investigate whether these associations depended on relationship-type (partner, family, friend), (iii) examine the buffering effects of support on strain (both within and across relationship-type), and (iv) test the extent to which these associations differed by age and sex. The sample contained 2,348 adults (55% male) aged 25 to 75 years (M = 46.3), who were… 

Tables from this paper

Social support and strain from different relationship sources: Their additive and buffering effects on psychological well-being in adulthood

The present study examined the main and interactive effects of relationship-specific (i.e., spouses, friends, parents, and children) social support and strain on positive (happiness and well-being)

Parental Emotional Support and Health Problems: The Role of Social Support and Social Strain

A lack of emotional support from parents during childhood has been found to predict both physical and mental health problems (i.e., chronic health conditions, depression) during middle and older

Social support, social strain, loneliness, and well-being among older adults

This study proposed that, among older adults, higher support and lower strain received from each of the four relational sources (spouse/partner, children, family, and friends) were associated with

Spousal social support and strain: impacts on health in older couples

Results indicate that individual perceptions of support were significantly associated with higher self-rated health and fewer functional limitations, and these individual-level benefits increased if the spouse also perceived positive support and low strain.

Age moderates the relationship between social support and psychosocial problems

Social support is commonly assumed to protect people from the experience of psychological distress and to enhance well-being. However, past research shows that the effectiveness of social support

An analysis of the Health and Retirement Study * Social support , social strain , loneliness , and well-being among older adults :

This study proposed that, among older adults, higher support and lower strain received from each of the four relational sources (spouse/partner, children, family, and friends) were associated with

Who is at Risk? Social Support, Relationship Dissolution, and Illness in a Rural Context.

This study focuses on a cohort of adults (40-plus) in rural South Africa to unpack associations between physical health and receipt of social support, and the extent to which these associations were

Social Support, Strain, and Glycemic Control: A Path Analysis.

The study's findings suggest that support fromFriends is negatively associated with HbA1c levels, indicating a relationship between better glycemic control and social support from friends, and an indirect association for spouse/partner support.

The Impact of Relationship-Specific Support and Strain on Depressive Symptoms Across the Life Course

  • P. Thomas
  • Psychology
    Journal of aging and health
  • 2016
Net of support and strain from other relationships, support from a spouse was related to fewer depressive symptoms among each age group, and only support/strain from family relationships influenced depressive Symptoms among adults in midlife.

The Relationship between Social Support and Subjective Well-Being across the Lifespan

The aim of this study was to examine how social support measured as the subjective assessment of social support adequacy given by family, friends or significant others contributes to well-being



An examination of sex differences in social support among older men and women

This paper is designed to empirically investigate sex differences in social support. Several types of sex differences are examined, including quantity and quality of support, the relationship between

Gender and social support: Taking the bad with the good?

In examining past research, a paradox can be found in the relationships between gender, social support, and depression. Although women report higher levels of depression than men, they also generally

Social Support and Social Networks as Determinants of Individual and Marital Outcomes

This study examined the effects of social support, within and outside marriage, on the individual and marital adjustment of eighty-seven married couples. Stress, functional and structural measures of

Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.

There is evidence consistent with both main effect and main effect models for social support, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being.

Positive and negative social ties among older adults: Measurement models and the prediction of psychological distress and well-being

Positive and negative social ties were found to be independent and there was substantial similarity in their factor structure across the three groups, demonstrating the importance of assessing both positive and negative ties in explaining the psychological adjustment of older adults.

The negative side of social interaction: impact on psychological well-being.

  • K. Rook
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1984
Negative social outcomes were more consistently and more strongly related to well-being than were positive social outcomes and the results demonstrate the importance of assessing the specific content of social relations.

Gender differences in social support and physical health.

  • S. ShumakerD. R. Hill
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1991
Factors that may contribute to the observed gender differences in the social support-physical health relationship are discussed and future research should include adequate numbers of women and more sophisticated measures of social support to move the field forward.

Effects of Different Sources of Social support and Social Conflict on Emotional Well-Being

Three questions regarding social support and social conflict are examined in this article: (a) Which sources of social support are most strongly related to emotional well-being?, (b) What is the

Hard times and hurtful partners: how financial strain affects depression and relationship satisfaction of unemployed persons and their spouses.

Financial strain had significant effects on depressive symptoms of both partners, which in turn led the partner to withdraw social support and increase social undermining, and reduced supportive and increase undermining behaviors had additional adverse effects on satisfaction with the relationship and on depressive Symptoms.

Social Support and Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Overview

It is generally assumed that social support has a favorable impact on the maintenance of health and on coping with illness. However, results are inconsistent and even conflicting. This is partly due