Social Reactions to Child Sexual Abuse Disclosures: A Critical Review

@article{Ullman2003SocialRT,
  title={Social Reactions to Child Sexual Abuse Disclosures: A Critical Review},
  author={S. Ullman},
  journal={Journal of Child Sexual Abuse},
  year={2003},
  volume={12},
  pages={121 - 89}
}
  • S. Ullman
  • Published 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
ABSTRACT Recent studies have examined disclosure of child sexual abuse to determine the correlates and consequences of telling others about this form of victimization. The present article reviews the current empirical literature on disclosure and reactions to adult survivors to assess what is known about the process of disclosure and whether telling others is therapeutic and leads to positive outcomes. Most studies assessing social reactions in detail have concerned adult survivors… Expand
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Analysis of rates of informal and formal disclosure of CSA, as well as victims' self-reported experiences with telling others about their own abuse and their perceptions of the overall advantages and disadvantages of disclosure, sheds light on a number of factors that lead victims to not disclose. Expand
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The review identifies the need for developmentally appropriate school-based intervention programmes that facilitate children's disclosure by reducing feelings of responsibility, self-blame, guilt and shame as well as robust, longitudinal studies with more sophisticated methodology to replicate findings. Expand
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TLDR
Domains include decisions to disclose during adulthood, barriers and facilitators to disclosure and potential recipients of the disclosure, as well as the process of telling and its impact on survivors’ well-being are reviewed. Expand
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TLDR
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Abstract Background Similar to disclosure rates, the timing of disclosure may also vary among sexual abuse (SA) victims. While some victims immediately disclose the SA, others may hide it until laterExpand
Prevalence of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Timing of Disclosure in a Representative Sample of Adults from Quebec
TLDR
CSA victims who never disclosed the abuse and those who delayed disclosure were more likely to obtain scores of psychological distress and posttraumatic stress achieving clinical levels, compared with adults without a history of CSA. Expand
Gender differences in social reactions to abuse disclosures, post-abuse coping, and PTSD of child sexual abuse survivors.
TLDR
Several gender differences were observed in this sample of college students in terms of sexual abuse experiences, psychological symptoms, coping, PTSD, and some aspects of disclosure and social reactions from others. Expand
Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse Among Adult Male Survivors
Men who were sexually abused during childhood are a stigmatized, under-studied, and marginalized population that is at risk for long-term mental health problems. However, many mental healthExpand
What Do We Know About Gender in the Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse?
ABSTRACT Child sexual abuse (CSA) is usually concealed by shame and secrecy, and it is often not disclosed for long periods or is not disclosed at all. Lack of disclosure has profound implicationsExpand
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  • Psychology, Medicine
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