Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms

@article{Liebeskind1994SocialNL,
  title={Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms},
  author={Julia Porter Liebeskind and Amalya L. Oliver and Lynne G. Zucker and Marilynn B. Brewer},
  journal={IRPN: Innovation Networks (Topic)},
  year={1994}
}
This paper examines the organizational arrangements used by New Biotechnology Firms (NBFs) to source scientific knowledge. Using data from two highly successful NBFs, the paper shows that both firms relied principally on hierarchies and networks to source scientific knowledge; market arrangements were insignificant. Most interesting, each firm had a very large, diversified set of boundary-spanning collaborative research arrangements, mostly involving university scientists. It is argued that… Expand
GEOGRAPHICALLY LOCALIZED KNOWLEDGE: SPILLOVERS OR MARKETS?
Using detailed data on California biotechnology, the authors find that the positive impact of research universities on nearby firms relates to identifiable market exchange between particularExpand
Distant networking: The knowledge acquisition strategies of 'out-cluster' biotechnology firms
This paper addresses the conditions that enable new biotechnology firms (NBF) operating outside major biotechnology clusters, to obtain the resources and competences necessary to emerge and grow.Expand
Network Effects on New Venture Internationalization: A Network-Knowledge Framework
This study was designed to explore the research question: How do alliance networks of a new venture affect the venture's speed of internationalization? To address this question, this paper builds aExpand
On the duality of competition and collaboration: network-based knowledge relations in the biotechnology industry
Abstract This paper focuses on organizational innovation within knowledge-intensive firms, exemplified by the biotechnology industry, and pinpoints the interorganizational network as an importantExpand
THE DYNAMICS OF INNOVATION NETWORKS
We analyse the changing contribution of networks to the innovative performance of 30 pharmaceutical companies from 1989 to 1997. Count data models show that collaborations with universities andExpand
Building a bridge: social networks aand technological regimes in biotechnology and software
The paper investigates the influence of technological regimes on the composition and structure of firms’ knowledge networks. We combine insights from two hitherto unconnected bodies of research: oneExpand
Evolution of R&D Capabilities: The Role of Knowledge Networks Within a Firm
TLDR
Empirical evidence is provided that a firm's R&D is concentrated in those areas where it chooses to recombine knowledge, offering support for the path-dependent evolution of capabilities. Expand
Communities, alliances, networks and knowledge in multinational firms: A micro-analytic framework
We develop a model of the micro-process of knowledge acquisition, dissemination, and application in the networks of alliances that have become important sources of external knowledge forExpand
The Effect of a Biotechnology SMEs' Network Position on Its Innovative Performance
This research paper studies the importance of an SME’s network position within the biotechnology industry, and the effect of it on its innovative performance. We developed theoretical propositionsExpand
Market Networks and the Value in Knowledge Exchanges: Evidence from Biotechnology Strategic Alliances
Researchers have argued that market networks are an integral part of the firm's value output, but the extent to which the structural characteristics of firms and their partners in market networksExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...