Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms

  title={Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms},
  author={Julia Porter Liebeskind and Amalya L. Oliver and Lynne G. Zucker and Marilynn B. Brewer},
  journal={IRPN: Innovation Networks (Topic)},
This paper examines the organizational arrangements used by New Biotechnology Firms (NBFs) to source scientific knowledge. Using data from two highly successful NBFs, the paper shows that both firms relied principally on hierarchies and networks to source scientific knowledge; market arrangements were insignificant. Most interesting, each firm had a very large, diversified set of boundary-spanning collaborative research arrangements, mostly involving university scientists. It is argued that… Expand
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