Social Movement Tactics, Organizational Change and the Spread of African-American Studies

  title={Social Movement Tactics, Organizational Change and the Spread of African-American Studies},
  author={Fabio Guillermo Rojas},
  journal={Social Forces},
  pages={2147 - 2166}
  • F. Rojas
  • Published 1 June 2006
  • Political Science
  • Social Forces
Social movement research suggests that protest is effective because it de-legitimizes existing policies and imposes costs on power holders. I test this hypothesis with data on African-American student protest and the creation of departments of African-American Studies. I find that non-disruptive protest, such as rallies and demonstrations, has a positive effect on the probability that a university will create a Department of African-American Studies. Disruptive protest, such as sit-ins and… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Organizational Political Ideology and Corporate Openness to Social Activism

This paper argues that organizations tend to be more “open” or “closed” as a function of their members’ political ideologies and that this variation can help explain firms’ responses to social

Do Protests Matter? Evidence from the 1960s Black Insurgency

How do the subordinate few persuade the dominant many? Elite theories of political influence posit marginal groups exert little power. Pluralistic accounts suggest non-elites can set agendas, sway

Professionalizing a Global Social Movement: Universities and Human Rights

Research on the human rights movement emphasizes direct changes in nation-states, focusing on the efficacy of treaties and the role of advocacy in mitigating immediate violations. However, more than

A Dynamic Process Model of Private Politics

This project explores whether and how corporations become more receptive to social activist challenges over time. Drawing from social movement theory, we suggest a dynamic process through which

A Dynamic Process Model of Private Politics: Activist Targeting and Corporate Receptivity to Social Challenges

This project explores whether and how corporations become more receptive to social activist challenges over time. Drawing from social movement theory, we suggest a dynamic process through which

Social Activism in and Around Organizations

AbstractOrganizations are frequent targets for social activists aiming to influence society by first altering organizational policies and practices. Reflecting a steady rise in research on this

Gendered Activism

Despite an established tradition of comparative research that focuses on gender differences in the amount of protest, relatively little cross-national research examines gender differences in the

The Fringe Effect

Numerous studies indicate that civil society organizations create cultural change by deploying mainstream messages that resonate with prevailing discursive themes. Yet these case studies of highly

‘Being in the Spaces where Decisions are Made’: Reproductive Rights Advocacy and Policy Influence in Two Regions of Peru

In the 1990s, some segments of Latin American feminist movements shifted to advocacy strategies to influence government policies. Long-standing social movement theories predict that this tactical

Social Activism and Practice Diffusion

This paper examines how social activist tactics affect the diffusion of social-responsibility practices. Studying collegiate adoptions of a controversial supplier-sanction practice championed by



Protest Group Success: The Impact of Group Characteristics, Social Control, and Context

Abstract In this study we test eight hypotheses about the relative control of protesters, third parties, and elements of the situation (movement context and confrontation) over two types of protest

Characteristics of Successful American Protest Groups: Another Look at Gamson's Strategy of Social Protest

William Gamson's Strategy of Social Protest is considered to be a major contribution to the social-movement literature, but it has been criticized on methodological and theoretical grounds. The

Acquiring Organizational Legitimacy Through Illegitimate Actions: A Marriage of Institutional and Impression Management Theories

This article links institutional and impression management perspectives in a process model of how controversial and possibly unlawful actions of members of organizations can lead to endorsement and

Frontiers in Social Movement Theory

Social protest movements such as the civil rights movement and the gay rights movement mobilize and sustain themselves in ways that have long been of interest to social scientists. In this book some

“From Protest to Politics”

This article traces the origins of black independent electoral activism in Philadelphia during the 1970s to the Black Power movement of the 1960s. Specifically, it argues that Black Power activists

The Political Response to Black Insurgency: A Critical Test of Competing Theories of the State

Although empirical studies have concluded that political leaders in democratic systems often respond to mass unrest by expanding the welfare state, most of this research fails to explain adequately

Social movements and organization theory

Part I. Creating a Common Framework: 1. Organizations and movements Doug McAdam and W. Richard Scott 2. Where do we stand? Common mechanisms in organizations and social movements research John L.


This study of the Mississippi civil rights movement and the War on Poverty examines the relationship between social movements and policy implementation. A "movement infrastructure" model is developed

Black Visions: The Roots of Contemporary African-American Political Ideologies

In this work, Michael C. Dawson brings us the most comprehensive analysis to date of the complex relationship of black political thought to black political identity and behaviour. Combining an