Social Media and Xenophobia: Evidence from Russia

@article{Bursztyn2018SocialMA,
  title={Social Media and Xenophobia: Evidence from Russia},
  author={Leonardo Bursztyn and Georgy Egorov and R. S. Enikolopov and Maria Petrova},
  journal={Communication \& Identity eJournal},
  year={2018}
}
We study the causal effect of social media on ethnic hate crimes and xenophobic attitudes in Russia using quasi-exogenous variation in social media penetration across cities. Higher penetration of social media led to more ethnic hate crimes, but only in cities with a high pre-existing level of nationalist sentiment. Consistent with a mechanism of coordination of crimes, the effects are stronger for crimes with multiple perpetrators. We implement a national survey experiment and show that social… 

Fanning the Flames of Hate: Social Media and Hate Crime

This paper investigates the link between social media and hate crime. We show that antirefugee sentiment on Facebook predicts crimes against refugees in otherwise similar municipalities with higher

The Political Economy of Propaganda: Evidence from US Newspapers

We study the impact of the first American party committed to redistribution from rich to poor on anti-Black media content in the 1890s. The Populist Party sought support among poor farmers,

Misogynistic and Xenophobic Hate Language Online: A Matter of Anonymity

In this paper, we quantify hateful content in online civic discussions of politics and es- timate the causal link between hateful content and writer anonymity. To measure hate, we first develop a

Political Effects of the Internet and Social Media

How do the Internet and social media affect political outcomes? We review empirical evidence from the recent political economy literature, focusing primarily on work that considers traits that

Divided We Stay Home: Social Distancing and Ethnic Diversity

It is found that mobility reduction following the first local COVID-19 case was stronger in Russian cities with higher ethnic fractionalization and xenophobia and the United States data on mobility produces similar results.

A Window to the World: The Long-Term Effect of Television on Hate Crime

This paper analyzes the long-term impact of television on hate crimes in Germany. In the German Democratic Republic (GDR) foreign television served as a window to the world and exposed viewers to

Love Thy Neighbour? Brexit and Hate Crime

We provide causal evidence of the impact of the Brexit referendum vote on hate crime in the United Kingdom (UK). Using various data sources, including unique data collected from the UK Police Forces

The Birth of a Nation: Media and Racial Hate

This paper documents the impact of popular media on racial hate by examining the first American blockbuster: 1915’s The Birth of a Nation, a fictional portrayal of the KKK’s founding rife with racist

Social Media and Protest Participation: Evidence from Russia

Do new communication technologies, such as social media, alleviate the collective action problem? This paper provides evidence that penetration of VK, the dominant Russian online social network, led

Xenophobia and Class Conflicts Among Venezuelan Migrants: An Ethnographic Study in the City of Ibarra, Ecuador

In recent years, the city of Ibarra, Ecuador has received nearly 10,000 migrants from Venezuela. In this municipality, the relations between locals and migrants are quite complex. In January 2019, a

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES

Fanning the Flames of Hate: Social Media and Hate Crime

This paper investigates the link between social media and hate crime. We show that antirefugee sentiment on Facebook predicts crimes against refugees in otherwise similar municipalities with higher

Facebook Causes Protests

The Internet and social media have been considered crucial determinants of recent political turmoil and protests. To estimate the causal impact of Facebook on collective action for a large set of

Propaganda and Conflict: Evidence from the Rwandan Genocide

This article investigates the role of mass media in times of conflict and state-sponsored mass violence against civilians. We use a unique village-level data set from the Rwandan genocide to estimate

From Extreme to Mainstream: The Erosion of Social Norms

Social norms, usually persistent, can change quickly when new public information arrives, such as a surprising election outcome. People may become more inclined to express views or take actions

The Welfare Effects of Social Media

The rise of social media has provoked both optimism about potential societal benefits and concern about harms such as addiction, depression, and political polarization. In a randomized experiment, we

Social Media and Protest Participation: Evidence from Russia

Do new communication technologies, such as social media, alleviate the collective action problem? This paper provides evidence that penetration of VK, the dominant Russian online social network, led

A 61-million-person experiment in social influence and political mobilization

Results from a randomized controlled trial of political mobilization messages delivered to 61 million Facebook users during the 2010 US congressional elections show that the messages directly influenced political self-expression, information seeking and real-world voting behaviour of millions of people.

The European Trust Crisis and the Rise of Populism

ABSTRACT:We study the implications of the Great Recession for voting for antiestablishment parties, as well as for general trust and political attitudes, using regional data across Europe. We find a

Partisan Interactions: Evidence from a Field Experiment in the United States

We conducted a field experiment to study social influences on partisan political participation. We sent letters to 92,000 contributors during the 2012 presidential election campaign. We randomized
...