Social Media and Xenophobia: Evidence from Russia

@article{Bursztyn2018SocialMA,
  title={Social Media and Xenophobia: Evidence from Russia},
  author={Leonardo Bursztyn and Georgy Egorov and R. S. Enikolopov and Maria Petrova},
  journal={Communication \& Identity eJournal},
  year={2018}
}
We study the causal effect of social media on ethnic hate crimes and xenophobic attitudes in Russia using quasi-exogenous variation in social media penetration across cities. Higher penetration of social media led to more ethnic hate crimes, but only in cities with a high pre-existing level of nationalist sentiment. Consistent with a mechanism of coordination of crimes, the effects are stronger for crimes with multiple perpetrators. We implement a national survey experiment and show that social… 

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