Social Isolation and Health, with an Emphasis on Underlying Mechanisms

  title={Social Isolation and Health, with an Emphasis on Underlying Mechanisms},
  author={John T. Cacioppo and Louise C. Hawkley},
  journal={Perspectives in Biology and Medicine},
  pages={S39 - S52}
Social isolation is a potent but little understood risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and its negative consequences are most profound among the elderly, the poor, and minorities, some of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. population. A steadily increasing number of people are living alone and are therefore more likely to experience social isolation. We discuss four mechanisms—attractiveness, health behavior, stress, and repair and maintenance—by which perceived social isolation… 
Associations of objective versus subjective social isolation with sleep disturbance, depression, and fatigue in community-dwelling older adults
Older adults with objective social isolation may experience sleep disturbance, depression, and fatigue because they feel socially isolated, not just because they are deprived of social networks.
Stress and social isolation, and its relationship to cardiovascular risk in young adults with intellectual disability.
Reducing stress in this young population may prevent development of arterial stiffness, and consequently lower the risk of cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality and improve decision-making and improving self-efficacy.
Health risks associated with social isolation in general and in young, middle and old age
Social isolation may be less prevalent at younger ages, but is then even more strongly associated with poor health conditions and behaviors than at older ages, and particularly for the youngest.
Loneliness and social isolation among the older person in a Swiss secure institution: a qualitative study
This study is one of the first to present incarcerated persons’ perspective on loneliness, social isolation and poor social capital in the Swiss prison setting.
Social Isolation, Loneliness and Their Relationships with Mental Health Status in South Korea
Social isolation and loneliness are prevalent among Koreans and associated with depression, social phobic symptoms, and suicidality.
The Role of Social Isolation in the Relationships Between Psychosis and Suicidal Ideation
As hallucinations, delusions, and depression independently increased, on average there were associated increases in social isolation and the likelihood of experiencing suicidal Ideation, and social isolation also related to greater suicidal ideation and ultimately functioned as a mediator.
Sleep Disturbance Mediates the Association Between Loneliness and Health in Older Americans
Sleep disturbance partially mediates the relationship between loneliness and self-reported health over 8 years, indicating that targeting sleep disturbance may mitigate the health risks of loneliness in older Americans.
Social isolation and psychosis: an investigation of social interactions and paranoia in daily life
Investigating social interactions and paranoid thinking in daily life in patients with clinically stable non-affective psychotic disorders and first-degree relatives found social company appears to limit their paranoia, particularly when being with familiar people.
What Could Interfere with a Good Night’s Sleep? The Risks of Social Isolation, Poor Physical and Psychological Health among Older Adults in China
This study provides one of the first population-based investigations of the longitudinal association between social isolation and sleep difficulty among older adults in China. We analyzed three waves