Social Isolation and Health, with an Emphasis on Underlying Mechanisms

@article{Cacioppo2003SocialIA,
  title={Social Isolation and Health, with an Emphasis on Underlying Mechanisms},
  author={John T. Cacioppo and Louise C. Hawkley},
  journal={Perspectives in Biology and Medicine},
  year={2003},
  volume={46},
  pages={S39 - S52}
}
Social isolation is a potent but little understood risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and its negative consequences are most profound among the elderly, the poor, and minorities, some of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. population. A steadily increasing number of people are living alone and are therefore more likely to experience social isolation. We discuss four mechanisms—attractiveness, health behavior, stress, and repair and maintenance—by which perceived social isolation… 
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