Social Intelligence: Its History and Measurement

  title={Social Intelligence: Its History and Measurement},
  author={Ronald E. Walker and Jeanne Marie Foley},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  pages={839 - 864}
Social intelligence, the ability to understand others and to act wisely in social situations, is a concept with a long history, sporadic development, but promise as a late bloomer. Although current references to social intelligence per se are limited, the concept appears to be alive and well under various terms, e.g., role-taking, interpersonal competence, egocentrism (or decentering), and empathy. This review was designed, therefore, to: (a) serve an integrative function by tracing the history… 

Handbook of Intelligence: Social Intelligence

The term social intelligence was first used by Dewey (1909) and Lull (1911) but the modern concept has its origins in Thorndike’s (1920) division of intelligence into three facets pertaining to the

Investigating a Background Data Measure of Social Intelligence.

Abstract : Some current measures of social intelligence have been judged as weak and ineffective, despite attempts to develop measures that do not emphasize verbal ability. This paper examines the

An investigation of the content and context of social intelligence

Subjects' views and conceptions of social intelligence were investigated by having 40 adults, male inmates in an Alberta correctional centre rate the importance of 20 behavioral characteristics

On the several facets of personality assessment: The case of social acuity.

Examination of the Q-sort correlates, from both self-reports and peers' judgments, yielded an improved conceptual understanding of social acuity and demonstrated the close relationship between these measure and interpersonal effectiveness.



Measures of Social Intelligence

  • R. Strang
  • Psychology, Education
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1930
"Social intelligence," which is frequently defined as "ability to deal with people," has two aspects, not necessarily related-the knowledge aspect and the functional aspect. Measurements of these two

Social Intelligence, Role-Taking Ability, and Cognitive Style: A Factor Analytic Study

or verbal intelligence. In order to examine the relationship of the measures of social intelligence employed in this study to verbal intelligence, two measures of verbal intelligence were also

Development of an empathy scale.

  • R. Hogan
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1969
This paper discusses the development of a 64-item self-report measure of empathy, constructed by comparing the responses of groups with high- and low-rated empathy, using the combined MMPI-CPI item pool.

Factor analysis of social and abstract intelligence.

ROBERT L. THORNDIKE George Washington UniversityIt was suggested by E. L. Thorndike some twenty years ago that there might be three main types of intelligence—abstract, mechanical, and social. Since

Social Intelligence: A Concept in Search of Data

300 students from Grades 6, 9, and 12 (equally represented by males and females at each grade) were administered the Otis IQ test and six of Guilford's tests of social intelligence. The data were

A Further Study of the Validity of a Test of Social Intelligence

In an earlier study2 the writer pointed out that the Thorndike Intelligence Examination and the Moss Social Intelligence Test were measuring the same variable or variables to a marked degree. This

A Validational Study of the Chapin Social Insight Test

  • H. Gough
  • Psychology
    Psychological reports
  • 1965
Although little known or used in present-day psychology, the Chapin Social Insight Test appears to be a potentially valuable psychometric tool and to identify individuals who impress others as insightful, perceptive, imaginative, and resourceful.

Measurable changes in empathy with age.

To explore the relation between empathy and age, a small study was designed to measure and compare the empathic ability of two groups of children who differed in age.


Differences in self-critical response sets elicited by the demand-stimulus characteristics of the two tasks seem to be crucial determinants of these differing patterns of relationship.

The Development of Role-Taking as Reflected by Behavior of Bright, Average, and Retarded Children in a Social Guessing Game.

DEVRIES, RHETA. The Development of Role-taking as Reflected by Behavior of Bright, Average, and Retarded Children in a Social Guessing Game. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1970, 41, 759-770. 3 studies explored