Social Identity Theory's Self-Esteem Hypothesis: A Review and Some Suggestions for Clarification

@article{Rubin1998SocialIT,
  title={Social Identity Theory's Self-Esteem Hypothesis: A Review and Some Suggestions for Clarification},
  author={Mark B. Rubin and Miles Hewstone},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  year={1998},
  volume={2},
  pages={40 - 62}
}
Distinctions are made between global and specific, personal and social, and trait and state self-esteem, and these are used to structure a review of over 40 studies concerning social identity theory's hypothesis that (a) intergroup discrimination elevates self-esteem and (b) low self-esteem motivates discrimination. It is observed that researchers have tended to employ measures of global personal trait self-esteem in their investigations of this self-esteem hypothesis, and it is argued that… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Towards a Clearer Understanding of Social Identity Theory’s Self-Esteem Hypothesis
Social identity theory proposes that the need for self-esteem motivates group members to protect and enhance the positivity of their group. In this chapter, we explain this self-esteem hypothesis inExpand
Sociometer theory and the pursuit of relational value: Getting to the root of self-esteem
Despite the amount of attention that researchers have devoted to the topic of self-esteem, many central questions remain unanswered. Sociometer theory addresses many such questions by suggesting thatExpand
Tests of both corollaries of social identity theory's self-esteem hypothesis in real group settings.
TLDR
Results are consistent with the idea that, for specific comparisons between real groups, individual differences in self-esteem may affect the zone within which bias occurs rather than the amount of bias. Expand
In-Group Favoritism and Self-Esteem: The Role of Identity Level and Trait Valence
The self-esteem hypothesis in intergroup relations is a continuing source of controversy. The present study aims to clarify some of the divergence in findings by means of self-categorization theoryExpand
INGROUP FAVORITISM AND SOCIAL SELF-ESTEEM IN MINIMAL GROUPS: CHANGING A SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION INTO A SOCIAL IDENTITY
One corollary of social identity theory's self-esteem hypothesis proposes that intergroup bias enhances social identity, which in turn leads to enhanced self-esteem (the enhanced esteem hypothesis).Expand
Effects of Threat to a Valued Social Identity on Implicit Self-Esteem and Discrimination
This research provides an experimental test of the self-esteem hypothesis that avoids potential hypothesis guessing and self-presentational concerns associated with previous research by includingExpand
Understanding Self-Respect and Its Relationship to Self-Esteem
  • C. Clucas
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • 2019
TLDR
The pattern of results supports the conceptualization ofSelf-respect as a component of self-esteem associated with morally principled conduct, distinct from performance and social self- esteem, as well as support for competence and IAs directly influencing self-respect. Expand
A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept.
TLDR
The balanced identity design is introduced as a method to test correlational predictions of the theory and revealed that predicted consistency patterns were strongly apparent in the data for implicit (IAT) measures but not in those for parallel explicit (self-report) measures. Expand
A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept.
This theoretical integration of social psychology's main cognitive and affective constructs was shaped by 3 influences: (a) recent widespread interest in automatic and implicit cognition, (b)Expand
The Influence of Discrimination and Fairness on Collective Self-Esteem
TLDR
The authors measured and manipulated discrimination and fairness in real and minimal groups and indicated that when an intergroup competition was present or impending, previously expressed fairness was positively related to self-esteem, whereas discrimination was negatively related to collective self- esteem in the absence of an inter group competition. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES
A Collective Self-Esteem Scale: Self-Evaluation of One's Social Identity
Social identity theory as developed by Tajfel and Turner argues that there are two distinct aspects of the self-concept: personal identity and social identity (in American terminology, collectiveExpand
Comments on the motivational status of self-esteem in social identity and intergroup discrimination
The background and development of motivational hypotheses in social identity theory are examined, revealing two general motives for intergroup discrimination: a desire for cognitive coherence, orExpand
Social identity and intergroup evaluative bias: Realistic categories and domain specific self‐esteem in a conflict setting
Social identity theory predicts a link between self-esteem and intergroup discrimination. Previous research has failed to find consistent support for this prediction. Much of this research has,Expand
Self‐esteem and intergroup discrimination in the minimal group paradigm
Social identity theory assigns self-esteem a central motivational role in intergroup discrimination. There are two corollaries: (1) successful discrimination elevates self-esteem, and (2) depressedExpand
Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma.
Although several psychological theories predict that members of stigmatized groups should have low global self-esteem, empirical research typically does not support this prediction. It is proposedExpand
The effects of intergroup discrimination and social values on level of self‐esteem in the minimal group paradigm
The proposition that individuals engage in intergroup discrimination to increase or maintain positive social identity and a high level of self-esteem has received some empirical support. An attemptExpand
Measures of self-esteem.
Self-esteem is a popular and important construct in the social sciences and in everyday life. The State of California has actually established a "Commission on Self-Esteem," presumably to devise andExpand
The Social Self: On Being the Same and Different at the Same Time
Mfost of social psychology's theories of the self fail to take into account the significance of social identification in the definition of self. Social identities are self-definitions that are moreExpand
Global Self-Esteem and Specific Self-Views as Determinants of People's Reactions to Success and Failure
A critical question in self-esteem research is whether people's reactions to success and failure are guided by their global self-esteem level or by their more specific beliefs about their abilitiesExpand
Self-Esteem and Direct Versus Indirect Forms of Self-Enhancement
Two studies explored the relation between self-esteem and self-enhancement biases. It was proposed that people with high self-esteem engage in forms of self-enhancement in which the self is directlyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...