Social Functioning After Traumatic Brain Injury

@article{Temkin2009SocialFA,
  title={Social Functioning After Traumatic Brain Injury},
  author={Nancy Temkin and John D. Corrigan and Sureyya S. Dikmen and Joan E. Machamer},
  journal={Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation},
  year={2009},
  volume={24},
  pages={460–467}
}
ObjectiveTo determine the relationship between adult-onset traumatic brain injury (TBI) and social functioning including employment, social relationships, independent living, recreation, functional status, and quality of life 6 months or longer after injury. ParticipantsNot applicable. DesignSystematic review of the published, peer-reviewed literature. Primary MeasuresNot applicable. ResultsFourteen primary and 25 secondary studies were identified that allowed comparison to controls for adults… 
Return to Work and Social Communication Ability Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.
TLDR
Communication outcome and awareness of communication deficits play an important role in reintegration to the workplace following TBI.
Predicting long-term outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI)
TLDR
Findings offer further support for the cognitive reserve construct in explaining significant variance in TBI outcome, over and above the variance explained by injury severity.
Quality of life and socio-professional reintegration after mild traumatic brain injury
TLDR
MTBI specific QoL assessment including focus on ES is necessary to identify patients at risk for impaired recovery and Structural brain injury as seen on CT scan is not useful as a prognostic tool to predictQoL or ES after mTBI.
Relationship between employment status and sexual functioning after traumatic brain injury
TLDR
Lower quality sexual functioning and satisfaction was present in persons with TBI and concomitant unemployment or lower annual income, and efforts are needed to increase awareness amongst the TBI population and rehabilitation professionals of the potential impact unemployment or financial stress has on sexual function and satisfaction.
Employment status after traumatic brain injury and the effect of concomitant injuries on return to work
TLDR
Severity of traumatic brain injury, length of acute hospital stay, ambulation status and cognitive status were found to be significant predictive factors for employment status post traumatic head injury.
Impact of cognitive and behavioural functioning on vocational outcome following traumatic brain injury: a systematic review
TLDR
Investigating cognitive and behavioural factors predicting vocational outcome in the post-acute stages of TBI found that self-reported symptoms, Functional Independence Measure and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory Scores, and Differentiated Outcome Scale Cognitive Scores in individuals with TBI were highly predictive of the vocational outcome.
Relationship Between Psychiatric Disorders and 1-Year Psychosocial Outcome Following Traumatic Brain Injury
TLDR
Screening in the acute postinjury stage for presence of preinjury psychiatric history or current distress may help identify individuals who require more intensive rehabilitation and psychiatric support and more active postdischarge monitoring.
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References

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Life Satisfaction After Traumatic Brain Injury
TLDR
Life satisfaction after TBI seems to be related to attaining healthy and productive lifestyles and not having a preinjury history of substance abuse and having gainful employment at the time of follow-up were associated with higher life satisfaction both 1 and 2 years after injury.
Psychosocial recovery after head injury.
Psychosocial functioning during the year following severe traumatic brain injury.
TLDR
The psychosocial functioning of a group of 65 adults with severe traumatic brain injury was assessed at 6 months and 1 year post-injury, and problems with emotional control were found to be most distressing for the patients.
Outcome 3 to 5 years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.
Long-term morbidities following self-reported mild traumatic brain injury
TLDR
Compared with uninjured controls, MTBI increased the likelihood of depression and postconcussion syndrome, and the MTBI group had poorer psychosocial outcomes including an increased likelihood of self-reported disability, underemployment, low income, and marital problems.
Stability of employment after traumatic brain injury
TLDR
Once persons returned to work, the ability to maintain uninterrupted employment was largely related to premorbid characteristics such as being older, higher income before the injury, or a preinjury job with benefits, but not related to neurologic indices of severity.
Lost Productive Work Time after Mild to Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury with and without Hospitalization
TLDR
Lost productive work time after nonhospitalized TBI may cause significant economic costs because these injuries are frequent and contrary to the theory that brain injury is more disabling to patients in cognitively demanding occupations, patients with higher job status tended to begin work earlier.
Residual impairments and work status 15 years after penetrating head injury
TLDR
It is suggested that a simple summed score of the number of these seven disabilities can yield a residual “disability score” which may prove to be a practical tool for assessing the likelihood of return to work for patients in this population and perhaps in other brain-injured populations.
One year psychosocial outcome in head injury.
TLDR
The results indicate that head injury is associated with persistent psychosocial limitations, and the presence and extent of limitations are related to the demographics of the population injured, to other system injuries sustained in the same accident, and particularly to the severity of the head injury.
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