Social Determinants of Risk and Outcomes for Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

  title={Social Determinants of Risk and Outcomes for Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association},
  author={Edward P. Havranek and Mahasin S. Mujahid and Donald A. Barr and Irene V. Blair and Meryl S. Cohen and Salvador Cruz-Flores and George Davey-Smith and Cheryl Renee Dennison-Himmelfarb and Michael S. Lauer and Debra W. Lockwood and Milagros C. Rosal and Clyde W. Yancy},
An Institute of Medicine report titled U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health documents the decline in the health status of Americans relative to people in other high-income countries, concluding that “Americans are dying and suffering from illness and injury at rates that are demonstrably unnecessary.”1 The report blames many factors, “adverse economic and social conditions” among them. In an editorial in Science discussing the findings of the Institute of… 

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