Social Cohesion

  title={Social Cohesion},
  author={Duncan J. Watts and Walter W. Powell},
Investigators interested in developing a general theory of social cohesion are confronted with a complex body of work that involves various definitions of social cohesion, specialized literatures on particular dimensions of social cohesion (e.g., membership turnover, organizational commitment, categorical identifications, interpersonal attachments, network structures), and lines of inquiry focused on the social cohesion of specific types of groups (e.g., families, schools, military units, and… 
Social cohesion in schools: A non-systematic review of its conceptualization and instruments
Abstract Social cohesion in schools refers to positive interpersonal relations between students, a sense of belonging of all students and group solidarity. Social cohesion is a multidimensional
Education and Social Cohesion: Rethinking the Relation and Its Implications
This article focuses on the relation of education to social cohesion in sociology, and more particularly in the sociology of education. The text provides a short overview and discusses the
Deconstructing social cohesion: towards an analytical framework for assessing social cohesion policies
  • M. Fenger
  • Sociology
    Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
  • 2012
Academics as well as policy-makers consider social cohesion as an important quality of cities. A high level of social cohesion is associated with a wide variety of positive characteristics of cities:
Too Many Friends: Social Integration, Network Cohesion and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms
Using a nationally representative sample of adolescents, we examine associations among social integration (network size), network cohesion (alter-density), perceptions of social relationships (e.g.,
Understanding Social Cohesion Differences in Common Interest Housing Developments
Abstract The worldwide upsurge of common interest housing developments (CIDs) has stirred up debates regarding community development and social cohesion. Critics have argued that CIDs lack social
Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms
This paper investigates whether social cohesion makes economic reforms more likely. First, we investigated whether social cohesion is a coherent concept by using a principal-component factor (PCF)
Sociological Perspectives on Social Cohesion as the Principal Requirement for Social Stability
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Social capital theorists claim that belonging to a densely knit social network creates a shared identity, mutually beneficial exchange, trust, and a sense of belonging in that group. Taken together
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Social Cohesion, Structural Holes, and a Tale of Two Measures
This paper proposes a new measure, Simmelian brokerage, that captures opportunities of brokerage between otherwise disconnected cohesive groups of contacts and shows that clustering and effective size are simply two sides of the same coin.


Cohesion and membership duration: Linking groups, relations and individuals in an ecology of affiliation
The study of group cohesion has a rich but confused history. Cohesion was originally a group-level concept, referring to the degree to which a group tends to maintain a stable, committed membership
Cohesion as a Basic Bond in Groups
Cohesion continues to remain a popular concept among group therapists and leaders of experientially based learning groups despite persistent confusion about its meaning. The present study provided an
Structural cohesion and embeddedness: A hierarchical concept of social groups
While questions about social cohesion lie at the core of our discipline, no clear definition of cohesion exists. We present a definition of structural cohesion based on network connectivity that
Group cohesiveness as interpersonal attraction: a review of relationships with antecedent and consequent variables.
The major intent of this paper is to document relationships which have been clearly established and to identify those which are still equivocal or unexplored.
A New Theory of Group Solidarity
This paper examines previous conceptualizations of group solidarity and related concepts in the sociological and social psychological literatures. After identifying ambiguities in previous usages, we
Five Years of Groups Research: What We Have Learned and What Needs to Be Addressed
This article reports the principal findings of over 250 studies published between January, 1986 and October, 1989 that address the dynamics of small social groups. The reviewed work falls into four
Network structure and emotion in exchange relations
Network structures promote cohesive social relations among some actors and not others. Based on the theory of relational cohesion (Lawler and Yoon 1996), we hypothesize that an emotional/affective
From private attitude to public opinion: A dynamic theory of social impact.
A computer simulation modeled the change of attitudes in a population resulting from the interactive, reciprocal, and reeursive operation of Latan~'s (198 I) theory of social impact, which specifies
Group Cohesion
The concept of cohesion has played a major role in group dynamics and group therapy research through several decades. Investigators cite cohesion as a contributing factor in various group processes,
Structural balance: a generalization of Heider's theory.
Heider (19), reflecting the general field-theoretical approach, has considered certain aspects of cognitive fields which contain perceived people and impersonal objects or events.