Social Cognitive Theory and Exercise of Control over HIV Infection

  title={Social Cognitive Theory and Exercise of Control over HIV Infection},
  author={A. Bandura},
Prevention of infection with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus requires people to exercise influence over their own behavior and their social environment. Societal efforts designed to control the spread of AIDS have centered mainly on informing the public about how the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is transmitted and how to safeguard against such infection. It is widely assumed that if people are adequately informed about the AIDS threat they will take appropriate self… 

The Use of Psychosocial Models for Guiding the Design and Implementation of HIV Prevention Interventions

Changing individuals’ HIV risk behaviors is a formidable challenge. Behavior change represents the endpoint of conscious and unconscious decision-making processes that weigh relevant internal and

Social and economic factors in an integrated behavioral and societal approach to communications in HIV/AIDS.

The various sociopsychological theories/models that inform AIDS prevention are delineated; the socioppsychological approaches in the context of class, race, and gender issues are critiqued; and an analytical framework that integrates behavioral and societal level variables to guide policy interventions is provided.

Primary Prevention of Sexually Transmitted HIV Infections: Transferring Behavioral Research Technology to Community Programs

It is suggested that technology transfer in HIV prevention requires behavioral scientists working in communities to serve as translators of theoretical constructs for practical applications in order to improve partnerships between behavioral researchers and communities.

Health Behavior in Persons with HIV and AIDS

Avoiding infection with and transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), in most cases, can be stopped by responsibly governing one’s behavior and Behavioral choices accurately predict susceptibility to HIV exposure.


Results suggest three mutually reinforcing social psychological processes that motivate PHAs to provide HIV prevention intervention to their peers and to reduce their own risk behaviors: development of a prosocial identity, positive social reinforcement from drug users and community members, and cognitive dissonance associated with continued risk behavior while engaging in health advocacy.

Communication Systems and HIV/AIDS Sexual Decision Making in Older Adolescent and Young Adult Females

Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a national priority for several reasons including its endemic/pandemic status and economic demand. Adolescents 15 to

Social-cognitive theory mediators of behavior change in the National Institute of Mental Health Multisite HIV Prevention Trial.

  • A. O'Leary
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2001
The intervention, based on social-cognitive theory and designed to influence behavior change by improving expected outcomes of condom use and increasing knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy to execute safer sex behaviors, was effective relative to a control condition in reducing sexual risk behavior.



Psychological influences on immunity. Implications for AIDS.

relevant literature addressing psychological influences on immunity is summarized and possible implications of this work for the lives and medical treatment of HIV-infected individuals are discussed.

Behavioral intervention to reduce AIDS risk activities.

Experimental group participants greatly reduced their frequency of high-risk sexual practices and increased behavioral skills for refusing sexual coercions, AIDS risk knowledge, and adoption of "safer sex" practices.

Reductions in HIV risk-associated sexual behaviors among black male adolescents: effects of an AIDS prevention intervention.

It is suggested that interventions that increase knowledge about AIDS and change attitudes toward risky sexual behavior may have salutary effects on Black adolescents' risk of HIV infection.

Self-efficacy conception of anxiety

Abstract In social cognitive theory, perceived self-efficacy to exercise control over potential threats plays a central role in anxiety arousal. Threat is a relational property reflecting the match

Self-Efficacy for AIDS Preventive Behaviors among Tenth Grade Students

Students with lower self-efficacy for correct, consistent condom use were five times less likely to have used condoms consistently, and associations remained even after adjusting for the influence of other AIDS-related beliefs.

Attitudes, Norms, and Self-Efficacy: A Model of Adolescents' HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behavior

Using data from a cross-sectional, statewide survey of Texas ninth graders, a model of psychosocial predictors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related sexual risk behavior was tested and attitudes, norms, self-efficacy, and behavioral intentions were directly related to the number of sexual partners.

The Influence of Message Framing on Intentions to Perform Health Behaviors

Abstract Prospect Theory proposes that people prefer taking risks to options that are certain when considering losses and prefer certainty to risk when considering gains (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979).

Predictors of safer sex on the college campus: a social cognitive theory analysis.

Regression analyses indicated that, among the factors assessed, stronger perceptions of self-efficacy to engage in safer behavior, expecting fewer negative outcomes of condom use, and less frequency of sex in conjunction with alcohol or other drug use significantly predicted safer sexual behavior.

Changes in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related risk behavior after adolescence: relationships to knowledge and experience concerning human immunodeficiency virus infection.

The extent of change in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk level and in the numbers of AIDS-related risk behaviors in 602 inner-city adolescents as they enter young adulthood is explored.