Social Climbers in a Colonial Mexican City: Individual Mobility within the Sistema de Castas in Orizaba, 1777-1791

  title={Social Climbers in a Colonial Mexican City: Individual Mobility within the Sistema de Castas in Orizaba, 1777-1791},
  author={Bruce A. Castleman},
  journal={Colonial Latin American Review},
  pages={229 - 249}
Individuals in colonial Latin American society often deŽ ned themselves according to “race”, according to their degrees of African, European, or Indian ancestry. By the middle of the eighteenth century, these socially constructed categories had become very complex because of the possible permutations over succeeding generations. This situation led the regalist Bourbon state to promulgate a directive establishing eighteen ofŽ cial calidades , the classiŽ cation labels of the well-known sistema… 
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