So Closed: Political Selection in Proportional Systems

@article{Galasso2015SoCP,
  title={So Closed: Political Selection in Proportional Systems},
  author={Vincenzo Galasso and Tommaso Nannicini},
  journal={Political Behavior: Voting \& Public Opinion eJournal},
  year={2015}
}
We analyze political selection in a closed list proportional system where parties have strong gate-keeping power, which they use as an instrument to pursue votes. Parties face a trade-off between selecting loyal candidates or experts, who are highly valued by the voters and thus increase the probability of winning the election. Voters can be rational or behavioral. The former cares about the quality mix of the elected candidates in the winning party, and hence about the ordering on the party… Expand
Political selection under alternative electoral rules
Abstract We study the patterns of political selection in majoritarian versus proportional systems. Political parties face a trade off in choosing the mix of high- and low-quality candidates:Expand
Ideology versus Self-Interest : Mobile Politicians
In a closed-list proportional-representation system, where votes are cast for a given political party, not for any particular candidate, the seat distribution in the parliament is highly sensitive toExpand
Constituency Effects and Legislative Dissent Under Closed-List Proportional Representation
ABSTRACT According to conventional wisdom, closed-list proportional representation (CLPR) electoral systems create incentives for legislators to favor the party line over their voters’ positions.Expand
The Best at the Top? Candidate Ranking Strategies Under Closed List Proportional Representation
Under closed-list proportional representation, a party’s electoral list determines the order in which legislative seats are allocated to candidates. When candidates differ in their ability, partiesExpand
Sorting of Candidates: Evidence from 20,000 Electoral Ballots
Using over 20,000 electoral ballots from proportional representation elections, we document that political parties systematically sort candidates on the ballots according to their valence and intraExpand
Incentives under list proportional representation∗
We develop a novel moral hazard model of elections under closedand open-list PR. Parties compete for legislative seats on the basis of their electoral output, which is a CES function of the effortExpand
Mobile Politicians: Opportunistic Career Moves and Moral Hazard
We exploit the randomness generated by a seat allocation mechanism utilized in Parliamentary elections that determines those politicians who get elected from a given district by a small margin, andExpand
Electoral incentives : the interaction between candidate selection and electoral rules ∗
One of the fundamental roles of democratic institutions is to provide incentives to politicians to perform. The literature has focused on the role of electoral rules as a central force to understandExpand
Accountability, Political Capture and Selection into Politics*
We estimate the effects of political accountability on the selection of politicians when accountability mechanisms are prone to political capture. Using a comprehensive dataset that recordsExpand
Open or Closed? How List Type Affects Electoral Performance, Candidate Selection, and Campaign Effort
What effect does using open (as opposed to closed) lists in proportional representation elections have on party performance and the quality of candidate selection? We provide novel evidence byExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Political selection under alternative electoral rules
Abstract We study the patterns of political selection in majoritarian versus proportional systems. Political parties face a trade off in choosing the mix of high- and low-quality candidates:Expand
Competing on Good Politicians
Is electoral competition good for political selection? To address this issue, we introduce a theoretical model where ideological parties select and allocate high-valence (experts) and low-valenceExpand
Electoral Rules and Politicians' Behavior: A Micro Test
Theory provides many explanations about the influence of electoral rules on politicians’ equilibrium behavior. With a few exceptions, all models agree that majoritarian elections are associated withExpand
Electoral Rules and Corruption
Is corruption systematically related to electoral rules? Recent theoretical work suggests a positive answer. But little is known about the data. We try to address this lacuna by relating corruptionExpand
Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior
Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior. By Pippa Norris. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 390p. $70.00 cloth, $25.99 paper. Over 20 years ago, William Riker proposedExpand
The Paradox of Voter Participation? A Laboratory Study
It is widely believed that rational choice theory is grossly inconsistent with empirical observations about voter turnout. We report the results of an experiment designed to test the voter turnoutExpand
Are Women Pawns in the Political Game? Evidence from Elections to the Spanish Senate
This paper investigates the potential existence of a gender bias in political parties.nomination strategies. For this purpose we use data from elections to the Spanish Senate, where candidates areExpand
Are women pawns in the political game? Evidence from elections to the Spanish Senate
This paper investigates the reasons behind the low representation of women among legislators. Using data from Spain, we find that parties tend to nominate female candidates to poorer positions on theExpand
Theoretical Comparisons of Electoral Systems
Elements of an economic theory of political institutions are introduced. A variety of electoral systems are reviewed. Cox's threshold is shown to measure incentives for diversity and specializationExpand
Political Selection
J ames Madison (1788 [1961]), the primary author of the U.S. Constitution, wrote in the Federalist Papers (#57): “The aim of every political Constitution, is or ought to be, first to obtain forExpand
...
1
2
3
...