Enhancing the sensory attributes and antioxidant properties of snus by mixing it with tea
- International Food Research Journal
In the present work, we investigated the chemical and volatile compositions of three tea-containing snus samples, after which their acceptability on the aromatic and taste coordination was evaluated…
Practitioner observations of oral nicotine use in elite sport: You snus you lose.
- EducationEuropean journal of sport science
It is crucial that athletes are fully educated with regards to the health implications of snus and other oral tobacco-based products, whilst practitioners should be aware of its growing prevalence in sport with strategies in place to discourage its use.
“Breaking through the Foul and Ugly Mists of Vapours”— Regulation of Alternative Tobacco and Related Products by the New TPD and Exercise of EU Competence
- Political ScienceGerman Law Journal
Abstract Directive 2014/40—the new Tobacco Products Directive—was unsuccessfully challenged in three cases, Philip Morris, Poland v. European Parliament and Council, and Pillbox 38. This Article…
Global methylation profiles in buccal cells of long-term smokers and moist snuff consumers
- MedicineBiomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals
Chronic cigarette smoking causes hyper- and hypo-methylation of genes that could contribute to smoking-related diseases, and these results help place combustible and non-combustible tobacco products along a risk continuum and provide additional insights into the effects of tobacco consumption.
Can Parkinson’s disease be prevented? : epidemiological evidence on lifestyle factors
The results from prospective cohort studies suggest that lifestyle factors can influence future risk of Parkinson's disease, and interventions on these lifestyle factors may have the possibility to prevent the disease eventually.
A cross-sectional study of biomarkers of exposure and effect in smokers and moist snuff consumers
- Medicine, BiologyClinical chemistry and laboratory medicine
Higher levels of exposure to nicotine and some N′-nitrosamines may be observed in MSC, and SMK are exposed to higher levels of combustion-related toxicants.
Nicotine delivery and subjective effects of Swedish portion snus compared with 4 mg nicotine polacrilex chewing gum.
- MedicineNicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Swedish snus produced higher maximum blood nicotine concentration in shorter time and with a quicker onset of "head rush" compared with 4 mg NP chewing gum in spite of a smaller extracted dose, which may partly explain the widespread use of snus for stopping smoking in Sweden.
The scientific foundation for tobacco harm reduction, 2006-2011
- MedicineHarm reduction journal
There is limited evidence from clinical trials that e-cigarettes deliver only small doses of nicotine compared with conventional cigarettes, however, e-cigarette use emulates successfully the cigarette handling rituals and cues of cigarette smoking, which produces suppression of craving and withdrawal that is not entirely attributable to nicotine delivery.
What Are We BIF-fing About ? Science Needs Impact Metrics
To the Editor: The recent lively discussion of bibliographic impact factors (BIF) in EPIDEMIOLOGY highlights the importance given to publications when assessing the impact of scientists’ work.…
SHOWING 1-4 OF 4 REFERENCES
Excess mortality in smokeless tobacco users not meaningful.
- MedicineAmerican journal of public health
Smokeless tobacco and oral cancer: a review of the risks and determinants.
- MedicineCritical reviews in oral biology and medicine : an official publication of the American Association of Oral Biologists
Research relevant to smokeless tobacco association with oral cancer is reviewed, including epidemiologic studies, studies of putative carcinogens such as tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) and other contaminants, and possible cancer inhibitors.
Smokeless tobacco use and increased cardiovascular mortality among Swedish construction workers.
- MedicineAmerican journal of public health
Although the risk of cardiovascular disease associated with the use of smokeless tobacco users and smokers face a higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than nonusers, the excess risk gives cause for preventive actions.