Sneeze-evoking region within the brainstem

@article{Nonaka1990SneezeevokingRW,
  title={Sneeze-evoking region within the brainstem},
  author={Satoshi Nonaka and Tokuji Unno and Y. Ohta and S. Mori},
  journal={Brain Research},
  year={1990},
  volume={511},
  pages={265-270}
}
Differential suppression of upper airway motor activity during carbachol-induced, REM sleep-like atonia.
TLDR
It is concluded that pontine carbachol evokes a stereotyped pattern of suppression of upper airway motor activity that was significantly greater than the depression caused by a level of hypocapnia that reduced Phr activity as much ascarbachol.
Localization of the “sneeze center”
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The most recent description of a patient with systemic lupus erythmatosus–related demyelination who had ASR with a persisting lesion in the area of sneeze center is further evidence that ASR results from a well-defined brainstem lesion.
Microinjection of kynurenic acid in the rostral nucleus of the tractus solitarius disrupts spatiotemporal aspects of mechanically induced tracheobronchial cough.
TLDR
The results are consistent with the existence of a critical component of the cough rhythmogenic circuit located in the rostral ventral and lateral NTS and significant elimination of neurons in the solitary tract nucleus results in cough apraxia.
Stereotyped yawning responses induced by electrical and chemical stimulation of paraventricular nucleus of the rat.
TLDR
The sequential events of yawning may be generated by NOS-containing parvocellular neurons in the medial part of the rostral PVN projecting to the lower brain stem in anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats.
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The results indicate that the area, in which the cough-like response is produced by electrical stimulation, is confined distinctly to a certain anatomical structure of the medulla, i.e., the nucleus tractus solitarius.
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Metal-filled microelectrodes are best for high-frequency work; fluid-filled ones are best for low frequencies and dc. Both have advantages and drawbacks. This paper gives the results of experience
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