Snakebite treatment at a southeastern regional referral center.


Our objective was to determine the prevalence of poisonous snakebite victims admitted to a regional trauma center in Southeastern Georgia over a 10-year period, as well as the type of snake, grade of envenomation, treatment administered, morbidity and mortality, and outcome. Records of patients admitted to the center for snakebite from a 24-county catchment area during the 10-year period (January 1984 to January 1994) were retroactively reviewed. Sixty-three (63) bites in 62 victims of venomous snakebites were treated. The snake distribution was rattlesnake: 19 (30%), copperhead: 18 (29%), cottonmouth moccasin: 8 (12%), unknown: 18 (29%). Envenomation grades were Grade I: 20 (32%), Grade II: 24 (38%), Grade III: 10 (16%), and Grade IV: 9 (14%). Fourteen of 19 (74%) Grades III and IV envenomations were from rattlesnakes. Antivenin was used in all Grade IV and half of the Grade III envenomations. Antivenin was administered within 3 hours of injury in all but one case. Five patients had surgery. Two patients (both Grade I) developed anaphylaxes from antivenin given before hospitalization. All patients recovered. An average of 6 snakebites were treated each year. Expeditious transport, attention to the type of snake inflicting the bite, and judicious use of antivenin will result in a favorable outcome for the snakebite victim.


Citations per Year

118 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 118 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Rudolph1995SnakebiteTA, title={Snakebite treatment at a southeastern regional referral center.}, author={Raymond Rudolph and Gregory Edward Neal and Jerimiah Williams and Ashley McMahan}, journal={The American surgeon}, year={1995}, volume={61 9}, pages={767-72} }