Snake oil and pangolin scales: insights into wild animal use at “Marché des Fétiches” traditional medicine market, Togo

  title={Snake oil and pangolin scales: insights into wild animal use at “March{\'e} des F{\'e}tiches” traditional medicine market, Togo},
  author={Neil C. D'cruze and D{\'e}lagnon Assou and Emma Coulthard and John Norrey and David Megson and David W. Macdonald and Lauren A. Harrington and Delphine Ronfot and Gabriel H. Segniagbeto and Mark Auliya},
  journal={Nature Conservation},
Traditional medicine beliefs are culturally important in some West African communities, where there is a thriving domestic consumer demand for wild animal derivatives. Yet, such practices can threaten the conservation of wild populations and negatively impact animal welfare. To identify those species most likely to be affected, we investigated wildlife derivative trade at the largest fetish market of West Africa in Togo. Specifically, we asked what wild animals or animal products were most… 

Figures from this paper

Animals Traded for Traditional Medicine Purposes in the Kumasi Central Market, Ghana: Conservation Implications

The Kumasi Central Market is the largest urban open market in Ghana and animals used for medicinal purposes are among the items that are typically displayed for sale. However, no study has been

Wildlife Trade for Belief-Based Use: Insights From Traditional Healers in South Africa

The use of animals and plants as traditional remedies for medical and magico-religious purposes has a long history of socio-cultural and economic importance in South Africa. Herein, we aim to

Ethnozoological and commercial drivers of the pangolin trade in Benin

The pangolin trade in Benin is based on an endogenous and complex network of actors that now appears influenced by the specific, high-valued demand from the Chinese diaspora, confirming that pangolins in Africa are valuable and versatile resources for consumption and medicinal / spiritual practices.

Species identification from seized animal oil: a case study of suspected Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica)

DNA extracted and successfully amplified partial fragments of Cytb and 16S rRNA mitochondrial genes identified that the seized oil belonged to the Ganges river dolphin which is protected as Schedule I under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 of India and listed as “Endangered” under IUCN and APPENDIX I in CITES.

Trade in African Grey Parrots for Belief-Based Use: Insights From West Africa's Largest Traditional Medicine Market

Over 1.2 million wild-sourced African Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) have reportedly been traded internationally since the 1970s, the majority of which were taken from the wild with serious

Insights into the status and distribution of pangolins in Togo (West Africa)

Pangolins are considered among the most threatened mammal species, both globally and also in Africa. However, almost nothing is known on their status and distribution across wide areas of their

Dissecting the illegal pangolin trade in China: An insight from seizures data reports

Wildlife trafficking poses a major threat to global biodiversity. Species such as pangolins are particularly vulnerable and trade continues almost unabated despite numerous interventions aimed at

Live wildlife trade in markets - a scoping review to inform risk assessment of emerging infectious diseases

A global scoping review of peer-reviewed information about the sale of live, terrestrial wildlife in markets that are likely to sell fresh food, and collated data about the characteristics of such markets, activities involving live wildlife, the species sold, their purpose, and animal, human, and environmental health risks that were identified.



Animals traded for traditional medicine at the faraday market in South Africa: species diversity and conservation implications

Overall, species diversity in the Faraday market was moderately high and highest for mammals and birds, respectively, and evenness values indicated that relatively few species were dominant.

Utilization of pangolins in Africa: Fuelling factors, diversity of uses and sustainability

Factors responsible for the continued exploitation of pangolins were low cost and very short time needed to acquire skills required for hunting; little or no further processing before the animals are disposed; high profit margins; general ignorance about conservation status and non-enforcement of the laws governing their trade.

Wild animals in ethnozoological practices among the Yorubas of southwestern Nigeria and the implications for biodiversity conservation.

A questionnaire-guided ethno-zoological survey of the Yoruba speaking communities of Ogun state (Nigeria) was conducted and animals raised under ex-situ conservation projects were not readily acceptable for perceived deficiencies in requisite characteristics that informed the choice of fauna species.

Reptiles tRaded in the Fetish MaRket oF loMé , togo ( West aFRica )

—Fetish beliefs are important to the culture of West african people. Many animals, including reptiles, are traded in fetish markets and used for traditional medicine and for their perceived magical

Conservation implications of the use of vertebrates by Xhosa traditional healers in South Africa *

The demand for vertebrates by traditional healers in South Africa suggests that the use of these animals in traditional medicinal or cultural practices has major conservation implications. This is

Risks to Birds Traded for African Traditional Medicine: A Quantitative Assessment

Based on cluster analyses for species groups of similar risk, vultures, hornbills, and other large avifauna, such as bustards, are most threatened by selective harvesting and should be prioritised for conservation action.

Trade and ethnozoological use of African lorisiforms in the last 20 years

Trade in primates is considered a major impediment to primate conservation globally. The bushmeat trade in West and Central Africa is considered largely unsustainable and represents one of the main

Pangolins in peril: using local hunters' knowledge to conserve elusive species in Vietnam

ABSTRACT: Pangolins are among the most valuable and widely traded taxa in the Southeast Asian illegal wildlife trade, yet little is known of their ecology and they are rarely reported in biodiversity

Ethnozoological uses of common hippopotamus ( Hippopotamus amphibius ) in Benin Republic (Western Africa)

This investigation conducted in the Benin Republic aims to assess the local inhabitants' traditional knowledge associated with hippo in different use categories (medicinal, cultural and spiritual) and revealed differences in traditional beliefs associated with Hippo.