Smoking status is a risk factor for recurrence after transurethral resection of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

@article{Lammers2011SmokingSI,
  title={Smoking status is a risk factor for recurrence after transurethral resection of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.},
  author={Rianne J. M. Lammers and Wim P. J. Witjes and Kees Hendricksen and Christien T M Caris and Maria H C Janzing-Pastors and Johannes Alfred Witjes},
  journal={European urology},
  year={2011},
  volume={60 4},
  pages={713-20}
}
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is the most well-established risk factor for developing bladder cancer. OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of smoking status on the clinical outcome of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Data obtained during a prospective phase 3 study with three schedules of epirubicin were used for statistical analysis. Smoking status (obtained when entering the study), other prognostic variables, and clinical outcome measures of… CONTINUE READING
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Core numbers smoking in the Netherlands [in Dutch

GE Nagelhout
http://www.stivoro.nl/Upload/artikel/Cijfers/Kerncijfers %20roken%20in%20Nederland%202009.pdf. Updated • 2010
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