Smoking-related warning messages formulated as questions positively influence short-term smoking behaviour.

  title={Smoking-related warning messages formulated as questions positively influence short-term smoking behaviour.},
  author={Barbara C N M{\"u}ller and Simone M Ritter and Sabine Glock and A P Dijksterhuis and Rutger C. M. E. Engels and Rick B. van Baaren},
  journal={Journal of health psychology},
  volume={21 1},
Research demonstrated that by reformulating smoking warnings into questions, defensive responses in smokers are reduced and smoking-related risk perception increases. We explored whether these positive outcomes can be generalised to actual behaviour. Participants saw either a movie presenting subheadings with smoking-related questions or statements. Afterwards, the time was measured until participants lit their first cigarette. Smokers who were presented with questions about the harms of… CONTINUE READING
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Increased attention but more efficient disengagement: neuroscientific evidence for defensive processing of threatening health information.

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association • 2010
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