Smoking reduction fails to improve clinical and biological markers of cardiac disease: a randomized controlled trial.

@article{Joseph2008SmokingRF,
  title={Smoking reduction fails to improve clinical and biological markers of cardiac disease: a randomized controlled trial.},
  author={Anne M. Joseph and Stephen S. Hecht and Sharon E Murphy and Harry Alan Lando and Steven G. Carmella and Myron Gross and Robin L. Bliss and Chap Le and Dorothy K. Hatsukami},
  journal={Nicotine \& tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2008},
  volume={10 3},
  pages={
          471-81
        }
}
  • A. Joseph, S. Hecht, D. Hatsukami
  • Published 1 March 2008
  • Medicine
  • Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Cigarette reduction has been proposed as a treatment goal for smokers who are not interested in stopping completely. This randomized controlled trial was designed to determine the effect of a smoking reduction intervention on smoking behavior, symptoms of heart disease, and biomarkers of tobacco exposure. It included 152 patients with heart disease who did not intend to stop smoking in the next 30 days. Participants were randomly assigned to smoking reduction (SR) or usual care (UC). SR… 

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