Smoking is associated with worse mood on stressful days: results from a national diary study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Many smokers report smoking because it helps them modulate their negative affect (NA). The stress induction model of smoking suggests, however, that smoking causes stress and concomitant NA. Empirical support for the stress induction model has primarily derived from retrospective reports and experimental manipulations with non-representative… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s12160-008-9068-1

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