Smoking is associated with increased free testosterone and fasting insulin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, resulting in aggravated insulin resistance.

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of smoking on endocrine, metabolic, and clinical parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN Cohort analysis. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S) 346 women with PCOS, including 98 smokers and 248 nonsmokers. INTERVENTION(S) Screening panel, including physical examination, weight and height… CONTINUE READING