Smoking is an independent risk factor for oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections but not for high-grade CIN

@article{Syrjnen2007SmokingIA,
  title={Smoking is an independent risk factor for oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections but not for high-grade CIN},
  author={Kari Juhani Syrj{\"a}nen and Irena P Shabalova and Nicolay Petrovichev and Vladimir P Kozachenko and Tatjana Zakharova and Julia Pajanidi and Jurij I Podistov and Galina Chemeris and Larisa G Sozaeva and Elena V Lipova and Irena Tsidaeva and Olga G Ivanchenko and Alla A Pshepurko and Sergej Zakharenko and Raisa Nerovjna and Ludmila B Kljukina and Oksana A Erokhina and Marina F Branovskaja and Maritta Nikitina and Valerija Grunberga and Alexandr Grunberg and Anna Juschenko and Rosa Santopietro and Marcella Cintorino and P. Tosi and Stina M Syrj{\"a}nen},
  journal={European Journal of Epidemiology},
  year={2007},
  volume={22},
  pages={723-735}
}
Background Recent evidence implicates smoking as a risk factor for cervical cancer (CC), but the confounding from high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections is not clear. Objectives To analyse the role of smoking as an independent predictor of CIN2+ and HR-HPV infections in a population-based prospective (NIS, New Independent States of former Soviet Union) cohort study. Study design and Methods A cohort of 3,187 women was stratified into three groups according to their smoking status: (i… CONTINUE READING
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