Smoking is a major risk factor for periodontitis.

  • Jörg Haber
  • Published 1994 in Current opinion in periodontology

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for many diseases, and recent evidence indicates that smoking adversely influences periodontal health. A number of epidemiologic studies have shown strong associations between smoking and the prevalence and severity of periodontitis, as well as interproximal bone loss. Whereas the pathogenesis of periodontitis in smokers… (More)

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