Smoking decreases the duration of life lived with and without cardiovascular disease : a life course analysis of the Framingham Heart Study

  • Abdullah Al Mamuna, Anna Peetersb, +3 authors Luc Bonneuxb
  • Published 2004
Aims To compare the burden of cardiovascular disease in terms of lifetime risk and life years lived with disease between smokers and non-smokers. Methods and results We constructed multi-state life tables describing transitions through various cardiovascular diseases for 4723 smokers and non-smokers observed during 20 biannual observations in the Original… (More)