Smoking cigarettes of low nicotine yield does not reduce nicotine intake as expected: a study of nicotine dependency in Japanese males

@article{Nakazawa2004SmokingCO,
  title={Smoking cigarettes of low nicotine yield does not reduce nicotine intake as expected: a study of nicotine dependency in Japanese males},
  author={Atsuko Nakazawa and Masako Shigeta and Kotaro Ozasa},
  journal={BMC Public Health},
  year={2004},
  volume={4},
  pages={28 - 28}
}
BACKGROUND Many Japanese believe that low-yield cigarettes are less hazardous than regular cigarettes, and many smokers consume low-yield cigarettes to reduce their risks from smoking. We evaluate the association between actual nicotine intake and brand nicotine yield, and the influence of nicotine dependence on this association. METHODS The study subjects included 458 Japanese male smokers, aged 51.2 +/- 9.9 years, who participated in health check-ups in a hospital in 1998 and 2000. Each… CONTINUE READING

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