Smoking as a risk factor for Graves' disease, toxic nodular goiter, and autoimmune hypothyroidism.

@article{Vestergaard2002SmokingAA,
  title={Smoking as a risk factor for Graves' disease, toxic nodular goiter, and autoimmune hypothyroidism.},
  author={Peter Vestergaard and Lars Rejnmark and J\orgen Weeke and Hans Christian Hoeck and Henning Kaspersen Nielsen and J Rungby and Peter Laurberg and Leif Mosekilde},
  journal={Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association},
  year={2002},
  volume={12 1},
  pages={69-75}
}
To study the association between smoking and thyroid disease (Graves' disease [E05.0], nodular toxic goiter [E05.2], and autoimmune hypothyroidism [E03.9]) in a low-iodine intake area a case-control study was undertaken. A self-administered questionnaire was issued to 864 consecutive patients with hyperthyroidism and 628 patients with autoimmune… CONTINUE READING