Smoking and use of smokeless tobacco in treated hypertensive men at high coronary risk: utility of urinary cotinine determination.


Guidelines for the treatment of hypertension underline the central importance of strenuous efforts to reduce the prevalence of smoking, as epidemiological studies consistently have demonstrated that smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and death by some two- or three-fold. Accuracy of a questionnaire is examined against the ability of… (More)


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