Smoking and sugar intake are separate but interactive risk factors in Crohn's disease.

  title={Smoking and sugar intake are separate but interactive risk factors in Crohn's disease.},
  author={B D Katschinski and Richard F.A. Logan and Michael Edmond and Michael J. S. Langman},
  volume={29 9},
Previous studies have consistently found strong positive associations between refined sugar intake and Crohn's disease (CD) and recently between smoking and CD. As refined sugar intake and smoking are themselves associated we have enquired about smoking and added sugar intake (AS) and smoking in CD using a postal questionnaire sent to 104 CD patients and 153 community controls. Smoking and AS were associated with one another. After adjusting for AS, smoking showed a significant association with… CONTINUE READING
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