Smoking and progression of diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes.

@article{Hovind2003SmokingAP,
  title={Smoking and progression of diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes.},
  author={P Hovind and Peter Rossing and Lise Tarnow and Hans‐Henrik Parving},
  journal={Diabetes care},
  year={2003},
  volume={26 3},
  pages={
          911-6
        }
}
OBJECTIVE Cigarette smoking contributes to development of diabetic nephropathy. However, long-term studies on the effect of smoking on decline in kidney function in diabetic nephropathy are lacking. We assessed the impact of smoking on progression of diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetic patients enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study started in 1983. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We identified all albuminuric type 1 diabetic patients (n = 301) followed for at least 3 years… CONTINUE READING

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Clinical predictive factors in diabetic kidney disease progression

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