Smoking and opioid detoxification: behavioral changes and response to treatment.

INTRODUCTION The relevance of tobacco use in opioid addiction (OA) has generated a demand for available and more effective interventions. Thus, further analysis of less explored nicotine-opioid clinical interactions is warranted. METHODS A post-hoc analysis of OA participants in a double-blind, randomized very low dose naltrexone (VLNTX) inpatient… (More)