Smoking and cognitive decline among middle-aged men and women: the Doetinchem Cohort Study.


OBJECTIVES We studied the effect of smoking on cognitive decline over a 5-year period at middle age (43 to 70 years). METHODS In the Doetinchem Cohort Study, 1964 men and women in the Netherlands were examined for cognitive function at baseline and 5 years later. The association between smoking status and memory function, speed of cognitive processes… (More)
DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.130294


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