Smoking and alcohol habits as risk factors for benign digestive diseases in a Japanese population: the radiation effects research foundation adult health study.

@article{Yamada2005SmokingAA,
  title={Smoking and alcohol habits as risk factors for benign digestive diseases in a Japanese population: the radiation effects research foundation adult health study.},
  author={Michiko Yamada and Fiona C L Wong and Saeko Fujiwara and Yoshimi Tatsukawa and Gen Suzuki},
  journal={Digestion},
  year={2005},
  volume={71 4},
  pages={231-7}
}
BACKGROUND Although an association between benign digestive diseases and smoking or drinking habits was reported, consistent results have not been obtained either in European, American or Japanese populations. METHODS Smoking and alcohol habits as risk factors for the incidence of gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis as well as cholelithiasis were examined using the longitudinal data of the Adult Health Study collected biennially between 1958 and 1998. During… CONTINUE READING