[Smoking and adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment].


Smoking and tuberculosis are two major public health issues. Tobacco smoke increases the risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and the severity of pulmonary tuberculosis. Active smoking increases the risk of relapse of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis after treatment; smokers are less adherent to anti-tuberculosis treatment. Smoking cessation represent a means of controlling the tuberculosis epidemic in developing countries. This general review identified 17 studies in the international literature on the link between active smoking and the adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment. It highlights a positive association between smoking and a lack of adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment. This justifies the systematic application of aid to stopping smoking in smokers with tuberculosis.

DOI: 10.1016/j.rmr.2015.08.005

Cite this paper

@article{Underner2016SmokingAA, title={[Smoking and adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment].}, author={Michel Underner and Jean Perriot and G{\'e}rard Peiffer and J. C. Meurice and Bertrand Dautzenberg}, journal={Revue des maladies respiratoires}, year={2016}, volume={33 2}, pages={128-44} }