Smoking and Risk of Stroke

@article{Hankey1999SmokingAR,
  title={Smoking and Risk of Stroke},
  author={Graeme J. Hankey},
  journal={European Journal of Preventive Cardiology},
  year={1999},
  volume={6},
  pages={207 - 211}
}
  • G. Hankey
  • Published 1 August 1999
  • Medicine
  • European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Up to one quarter of all strokes are directly attributable to cigarette smoking, which independently increases the relative risk of stroke about three-fold. The risk is dependent upon the amount of cigarettes smoked, is consistent for all subtypes of stroke, and is strongest for subarachnoid haemorrhage and cortical ischaemic stroke caused by arterial atherothromboembolism. The relative risk of stroke is equally high among male and female smokers, and is maximal (compared with non-smokers) in… 
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