Smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

  title={Smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.},
  author={Lynda F. Voigt and Thomas D. Koepsell and J. Lee Nelson and C E Dugowson and Janet R. Daling},
  volume={5 5},
There is some evidence that sex hormones may influence the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis. Obesity has been found to increase endogenous estrogens, particularly among postmenopausal women. Although the association of endogenous hormones with smoking and alcohol use is less clear, we examined the relation of these three factors with rheumatoid arthritis in women. We conducted a population-based case-control study of rheumatoid arthritis in King County, WA, and Group Health Cooperative of… CONTINUE READING


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