Smokeless tobacco (snus) and risk of heart failure: results from two Swedish cohorts.


BACKGROUND Oral moist snuff (snus) is discussed as a safer alternative to smoking, and its use is increasing. Based on its documented effect on blood pressure, we hypothesized that use of snus increases the risk of heart failure. DESIGN Two independent Swedish prospective cohorts; the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM), a community-based… (More)
DOI: 10.1177/1741826711420003


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