Smersh: Soviet Military Counter-intelligence during the Second World War

  title={Smersh: Soviet Military Counter-intelligence during the Second World War},
  author={Robert W. Stephan},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={585 - 613}
  • R. Stephan
  • Published 1 October 1987
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Contemporary History
The proposal accepted by the Central Committee on 19 December 1918, which established the Osobyye Otdeli (or OOs Special Departments as Soviet military counter-intelligence is often called) of the VeCheka (the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution, Speculation, Sabotage and Misconduct in Office Lenin's secret police) can be considered a watershed in the recent history of civil-military relations in modern states. For 19 December 1918 marks the first time in… 
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IT IS COMMON KNOWLEDGE that throughout the course of the fighting on the Eastern Front from 1941 to 1945 the Germans faced a considerable threat to their military lines of supply and to their


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