Smart specialization From academic idea to political instrument , the surprising career of a concept and the difficulties involved in its implementation

@inproceedings{Foray2011SmartSF,
  title={Smart specialization From academic idea to political instrument , the surprising career of a concept and the difficulties involved in its implementation},
  author={Dominique Foray and Paul A. David and Bronwyn H. Hall},
  year={2011}
}
Smart specialisation is a policy concept that has enjoyed a short but very exciting life! Elaborated by a group of academic “experts” in 2008, it very quickly made a significant impact on the policy audience, particularly in Europe. Such a success story in such a short period of time is a perfect example of “policy running ahead of theory”: while smart specialisation seems to be already a policy hit and policy makers show some frenetic engagements towards smart specialisation, the concept is… CONTINUE READING
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