Smart objects as building blocks for the Internet of things

@article{Kortuem2010SmartOA,
  title={Smart objects as building blocks for the Internet of things},
  author={Gerd Kortuem and Fahim Kawsar and Vasughi Sundramoorthy and Dan Fitton},
  journal={IEEE Internet Computing},
  year={2010},
  volume={14},
  pages={44-51}
}
The combination of the Internet and emerging technologies such as nearfield communications, real-time localization, and embedded sensors lets us transform everyday objects into smart objects that can understand and react to their environment. Such objects are building blocks for the Internet of Things and enable novel computing applications. As a step toward design and architectural principles for smart objects, the authors introduce a hierarchy of architectures with increasing levels of real… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Service formalism and architectural abstractions for smart space applications

The discussion paper provides a clarified vision onto the smart spaces terminology and considers P2P-based service formalism, on the top of which several architectural abstractions provide means for designing smart space applications.

Smart Objects in a Virtual World

This paper identifies protocols that smart objects will need to follow and the ways in which today's virtual worlds can be used to better design and understand these protocols for tomorrow’s smart world.

Deployment of Smart Spaces in Internet of Things: Overview of the Design Challenges

This paper considers the crucial design challenges that smart spaces meet for deploying in IoT: interoperability, information processing, security and privacy, and considers solutions to cope with the challenges.

Opening information of low capacity embedded systems for Smart Spaces

A new application domain independent approach for low capacity embedded systems to be part of applications and use cases based on semantic information interoperability and a reference implementation of smart greenhouse is used to demonstrate the approach in practice.

Towards a semantic world: Smart objects in a virtual world

This paper identifies protocols that smart objects will need to follow and how to use today's 3D virtual worlds to better simulate and better understand protocols for tomorrow’s smart world.

Smart Spaces Middleware: A Requirement-Oriented Overview

The systemized requirements of this type of middleware are mapped to the particular existing middleware solutions, leading to identification and comparison of basic approaches in the smart spaces development problem.

Realising relative autonomy and adaptation in smart objects systems

The results show that the proposed approach is a feasible and scalable alternative for IoT application development based on smart objects that incorporates the concept of relative autonomy, in this context, and the adaptation at individual and collective level.

Agent-oriented smart objects development

  • G. FortinoA. GuerrieriW. Russo
  • Computer Science
    Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 16th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD)
  • 2012
A multi-layered agent-based architecture for the development of proactive, cooperating and context-aware smart objects that takes into account a wide variety of smart objects, from reactive to proactive, from small to very large, from stand-alone to social.

SmartObjects: second workshop on interacting with smart objects

Various aspects of the design, development and deployment of smart objects including how one can interact with smart objects are explored in this workshop.

Towards a Cloud-assisted and Agent-oriented Architecture for the Internet of Things

A cloud-assisted and agent-oriented vision for IoT based on layered reference architecture is introduced and the basic building blocks for technically achieving such vision are briefly overviewed.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES

A Context-Aware Communication Platform for Smart Objects

A communication platform for smart objects that takes an object’s current real-world context into account and adapts networking structures accordingly and evaluates the platform on the basis of a concrete implementation on an embedded device platform.

Designing smart artifacts for smart environments

This work developed the Hello.Wall, its version of an ambient display, for the Ambient Agoras environment and distinguishes between two types of smart artifacts: system-oriented, importunate smartness and people- oriented, empowering smartness.

Cooperative Artefacts: Assessing Real World Situations with Embedded Technology

The Cooperative Artefact concept is based on embedded domain knowledge, perceptual intelligence, and rule-based inference in movable artefacts and is demonstrated with design and implementation of augmented chemical containers that are able to detect and alert potentially hazardous situations concerning their storage.

Sensor Networks or Smart Artifacts? An Exploration of Organizational Issues of an Industrial Health and Safety Monitoring System

This paper investigates the relationship between technology and organization in the context of a concrete industrial health and safety system designed to reduce the number of incidents of "vibration white finger" at construction sites and uses wireless sensor nodes for monitoring workers' exposure to vibrations and testing of compliance with legal health andSafety regulations.

User Experience of Physical-Digital Object Systems : Implications for Representation and Infrastructure

This paper articulate a design space for smart object systems and describes two instances in this design space, one of which is a tangible user interface for giving multimedia slideshow presentations and a design currently implementing to support workflow in a systems engineering organization.

Ubiquitous computing in the real world: lessons learnt from large scale RFID deployments

Two case studies of fully operational Radio Frequency Identification-based systems are reviewed: the Oyster card ticketing system used at the London Underground in the UK, and retail applications deployed at the Mitsukoshi departmental stores in Tokyo, Japan.

Bridging physical and virtual worlds with electronic tags

A novel combination of inexpensive, unobtrusive and easy to use RFID tags, tag readers, portable computers and wireless networking demonstrates theility of invisibly, seamlessly and portably linking physical objects to networked electronic services and actions that arenaturally associated with their form.

Exploring the Design of Pay-Per-Use Objects in the Construction Domain

This paper presents the design, implementation and evaluation of a prototype pay-per-use system motivated by a real world equipment hire scenario and provides insights into the various challenges introduced by supporting a pay- per-use model, including data storage and data security in addition to user interaction issues.

Experiences of designing and deploying intelligent sensor nodes to monitor hand-arm vibrations in the field

The experiences of designing and deploying the NEMO Hand Arm Vibration (HAV) monitoring system are presented and the results of the field trial and the lessons learned through the real deployment are reported.