Smart Metal-Organic Framework Coatings: Triggered Antibiofilm Compound Release.

Abstract

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have a large potential for delivery of active molecules. Here, a MOF coating is investigated as a smart host matrix for triggered release of antibiofilm compounds. In addition to a coating consisting of the regular Fe-terephthalate MIL-88B(Fe), a new hydrophobic MIL-88B(Fe) coating is synthesized in hydrothermal conditions using palmitic acid as a lattice terminating group. These porous materials are used as a host matrix for the antibiofilm compound 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(2-isobutyl)-2-aminoimidazole, which has a specific biofilm-inhibiting effect at concentrations at which no activity against planktonic cells is detected. The stability of MIL-88B(Fe) in distilled water and tryptic soy broth medium is investigated, together with the ability of iron(III) chelators to serve as a trigger for controlled decomposition of MIL-88B(Fe) by metal complexation. Organic iron chelators are used to mimic the iron chelating function of siderophores, which are specific molecules excreted by biofilm-forming bacteria. Trisodium citrate is able to chelate metal ions from the junctions of the framework. By sequestration of these metal ions, the host matrix is partially degraded, resulting in an antibiofilm compound release. Finally, the antibiofilm properties against Salmonella Typhimurium are validated by monitoring biofilm growth on MOF layers either loaded or not with aminoimidazole. A strong proof-of-concept is shown for efficient inhibition of biofilm growth through triggered antibiofilm compound release.

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b14152

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Cite this paper

@article{Claes2017SmartMF, title={Smart Metal-Organic Framework Coatings: Triggered Antibiofilm Compound Release.}, author={Birgit Claes and Tom Boudewijns and Laurens Muchez and Geert Hooyberghs and Nandini Sharma and Jozef Vanderleyden and Hans P L Steenackers and Dirk E De Vos}, journal={ACS applied materials & interfaces}, year={2017}, volume={9 5}, pages={4440-4449} }