Smallpox and bioterrorism.

@article{Pennington2003SmallpoxAB,
  title={Smallpox and bioterrorism.},
  author={Hugh Pennington},
  journal={Bulletin of the World Health Organization},
  year={2003},
  volume={81 10},
  pages={
          762-7
        }
}
  • H. Pennington
  • Published 2003
  • Medicine
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Smallpox was declared to be eradicated on 8 May 1980, during the Thirty-third World Health Assembly. However, concerns about the possible use of the virus as a weapon of bioterrorism have increased in recent years. Governments have responded by initiating selective vaccination programmes and other public health measures. This review uses historical data from 20th century outbreaks to assess the risks to current populations (which have declining immunity) from a deliberate release of virus. The… 
Smallpox and bioterrorism
TLDR
A public-health response to smallpox as using for bioterrorism is described, with great concern that smallpox is an excellent candidate for use as a terrorist weapon.
Smallpox and Bioterrorism
This chapter will focus on information regarding smallpox and smallpox vaccination since 2001, notably, the persisting threat of smallpox as a bioterrorist agent, international preparedness for a
Rethinking Smallpox
TLDR
Two defenses against a vaccine-resistant, engineered variola virus are proposed for consideration and Methisazone, an overlooked drug, is reported to be effective for prophylaxis only.
Smallpox and Bioterrorism: History and Evaluation of Current State and Medical Knowledge
TLDR
The findings support the hypothesis that since its eradication, there has been a general decay of basic smallpox knowledge and rise concerns on medical preparedness to respond to a bioterrorist attack.
Bioterrorism
  • S. Lucas
  • Medicine
    Essentials of Autopsy Practice
  • 2008
TLDR
The purpose of this chapter is to outline some of the history of bioterrorism (BT), the responses of government, what the likely agents are and their clinical pathologies, medico-legal aspects and what everyone in mortuary work should be prepared for.
Epidemiologic Assessment of the Protective Effects of Smallpox Vaccination
TLDR
It can be stated with certainty that smallpox vaccines prevented infection for a few decades after primary vaccination and that vaccinated individuals had the benefit of a longer lasting partial protection when they contracted the disease.
Bioterrorism and the Role of the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory
  • E. Wagar
  • Biology
    Clinical Microbiology Reviews
  • 2015
TLDR
An overview of the history of biological disasters and bioterrorism is provided and specific guidelines and recommendations for laboratory safety and risk assessment in the clinical microbiology are explored so sentinel laboratories can better prepare for the next biological disaster.
The Eradication of Smallpox in Bahrain
TLDR
Recalling the epidemiology and strategies used during this pivotal moment in medical history provides a hopeful background in tackling future diseases.
Interpreting the epidemiology of postexposure vaccination against smallpox.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Transmission potential of smallpox in contemporary populations
Despite eradication, smallpox still presents a risk to public health whilst laboratory stocks of virus remain. One factor crucial to any assessment of this risk is R0, the average number of secondary
Smallpox and its eradication
TLDR
The author worked for the smallpox eradi-cation programme in western Africa in 1962-1963 as a member of the staff of the W H O Regional Office for Africa, and joined the Smallpox Eradication unit, of which he was Chief from 1977 until 1984.
Smallpox Research Activities: U.S. Interagency Collaboration, 2001
TLDR
The events of September 11, 2001, coupled with the use of Bacillus anthracis as a bioterrorist weapon of mass destruction, have substantially increased concerns that variola virus may be similarly used and have added a sense of urgency to production of a new smallpox vaccine and to carrying out the smallpox research agenda.
Emergency response to a smallpox attack: The case for mass vaccination
TLDR
Estimating the number of cases and deaths that would result from an attack in a large urban area of the United States and comparing the results to mass vaccination from the moment an attack is recognized finds that mass vaccination results in both far fewer deaths and much faster epidemic eradication.
New Look at Old Data Irks Smallpox-Eradication Experts
TLDR
The mathematician Edward Kaplan has published a paper that he says deals another blow to a strategy called ring vaccination to contain a smallpox epidemic, further raising the ire of his opponents.
Transmission Dynamics of the Etiological Agent of SARS in Hong Kong: Impact of Public Health Interventions
TLDR
Transmission rates fell during the SARS epidemic, primarily as a result of reductions in population contact rates and improved hospital infection control, but also because of more rapid hospital attendance by symptomatic individuals.
Rough-and-Tumble Behind Bush's Smallpox Policy
After months of ideological tugs-of-war over whether to vaccinate the public against smallpox to protect against a bioterrorist attack, the Administration has settled on a compromise that most
The looming threat of bioterrorism.
TLDR
Strengthening the public health and infectious disease infrastructure is an effective step toward averting the suffering that could be wrought by a terrorist's use of a biological agent.
Transmission Dynamics and Control of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
TLDR
It is estimated that a single infectious case of SARS will infect about three secondary cases in a population that has not yet instituted control measures, and public-health efforts to reduce transmission are expected to have a substantial impact on reducing the size of the epidemic.
An outbreak of smallpox in New York City.
  • I. Weinstein
  • History, Medicine
    American journal of public health and the nation's health
  • 1947
TLDR
The arrival of a sick man in New York City caused millions of people to be vaccinated.
...
...